Evaluating genetic traceability methods for captive-bred marine fish and their applications in fisheries management and wildlife forensics

Gregory Maes, Eveline Diopere, Alessia Cariani, Helen Senn, Martin Taylor, Luca Bargelloni, Alessio Bonaldo, Gary Carvalho, Ilaria Guarniero, Hans Komen, Jann Martinsohn, Einar Nielsen, Fausto Tinti, Filip Volckaert, Rob Ogden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

ABSTRACT: Growing demands for marine fish products is leading to increased pressure on already depleted wild populations and a rise in aquaculture production. Consequently, more captive-bred fish are released into the wild through accidental escape or deliberate releases. The increased mixing of captive-bred and wild fish may affect the ecological and/or genetic integrity of wild fish populations. Unambiguous identification tools for captive-bred fish will be highly valuable to manage risks (fisheries management) and tracing of escapees and seafood products (wildlife forensics). Using single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) data from captive-bred and wild populations of Atlantic cod Gadus morhua L. and sole Solea solea L., we explored the efficiency of population and parentage assignment techniques for the identification and tracing of captive-bred fish. Simulated and empirical data were used to correct for stochastic genetic effects. Overall, parentage assignment performed well when a large effective population size characterized the broodstock and escapees originated from early generations of captive breeding. Consequently, parentage assignments are particularly useful from a fisheries management perspective to monitor the effects of deliberate releases of captive-bred fish on wild populations. Population assignment proved to be more efficient after several generations of captive breeding, which makes it a useful method in forensic applications for well-established aquaculture species. We suggest the implementation of a case-by-case strategy when choosing the best method.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)131-145
Number of pages15
JournalAquaculture Environment Interactions
Volume8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes

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traceability
fishery management
fisheries management
marine fish
wildlife
breeds
parentage
fish
wild population
wild fish
captive breeding
Gadus morhua
aquaculture
methodology
Solea solea
breeding stock
fish products
aquaculture production
captive population
breeding

Cite this

Maes, Gregory ; Diopere, Eveline ; Cariani, Alessia ; Senn, Helen ; Taylor, Martin ; Bargelloni, Luca ; Bonaldo, Alessio ; Carvalho, Gary ; Guarniero, Ilaria ; Komen, Hans ; Martinsohn, Jann ; Nielsen, Einar ; Tinti, Fausto ; Volckaert, Filip ; Ogden, Rob. / Evaluating genetic traceability methods for captive-bred marine fish and their applications in fisheries management and wildlife forensics. In: Aquaculture Environment Interactions. 2016 ; Vol. 8. pp. 131-145.
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Maes, G, Diopere, E, Cariani, A, Senn, H, Taylor, M, Bargelloni, L, Bonaldo, A, Carvalho, G, Guarniero, I, Komen, H, Martinsohn, J, Nielsen, E, Tinti, F, Volckaert, F & Ogden, R 2016, 'Evaluating genetic traceability methods for captive-bred marine fish and their applications in fisheries management and wildlife forensics', Aquaculture Environment Interactions, vol. 8, pp. 131-145. https://doi.org/10.3354/aei00164

Evaluating genetic traceability methods for captive-bred marine fish and their applications in fisheries management and wildlife forensics. / Maes, Gregory; Diopere, Eveline; Cariani, Alessia; Senn, Helen; Taylor, Martin; Bargelloni, Luca; Bonaldo, Alessio; Carvalho, Gary; Guarniero, Ilaria; Komen, Hans; Martinsohn, Jann; Nielsen, Einar; Tinti, Fausto; Volckaert, Filip; Ogden, Rob.

In: Aquaculture Environment Interactions, Vol. 8, 2016, p. 131-145.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Evaluating genetic traceability methods for captive-bred marine fish and their applications in fisheries management and wildlife forensics

AU - Maes, Gregory

AU - Diopere, Eveline

AU - Cariani, Alessia

AU - Senn, Helen

AU - Taylor, Martin

AU - Bargelloni, Luca

AU - Bonaldo, Alessio

AU - Carvalho, Gary

AU - Guarniero, Ilaria

AU - Komen, Hans

AU - Martinsohn, Jann

AU - Nielsen, Einar

AU - Tinti, Fausto

AU - Volckaert, Filip

AU - Ogden, Rob

PY - 2016

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N2 - ABSTRACT: Growing demands for marine fish products is leading to increased pressure on already depleted wild populations and a rise in aquaculture production. Consequently, more captive-bred fish are released into the wild through accidental escape or deliberate releases. The increased mixing of captive-bred and wild fish may affect the ecological and/or genetic integrity of wild fish populations. Unambiguous identification tools for captive-bred fish will be highly valuable to manage risks (fisheries management) and tracing of escapees and seafood products (wildlife forensics). Using single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) data from captive-bred and wild populations of Atlantic cod Gadus morhua L. and sole Solea solea L., we explored the efficiency of population and parentage assignment techniques for the identification and tracing of captive-bred fish. Simulated and empirical data were used to correct for stochastic genetic effects. Overall, parentage assignment performed well when a large effective population size characterized the broodstock and escapees originated from early generations of captive breeding. Consequently, parentage assignments are particularly useful from a fisheries management perspective to monitor the effects of deliberate releases of captive-bred fish on wild populations. Population assignment proved to be more efficient after several generations of captive breeding, which makes it a useful method in forensic applications for well-established aquaculture species. We suggest the implementation of a case-by-case strategy when choosing the best method.

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U2 - 10.3354/aei00164

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