Evaluating the performance of meta-heuristic algorithms on CEC 2021 benchmark problems

Ali Wagdy Mohamed, Karam M. Sallam, Prachi Agrawal, Anas A. Hadi, Ali Khater Mohamed

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)
48 Downloads (Pure)


To develop new meta-heuristic algorithms and evaluate on the benchmark functions is the most challenging task. In this paper, performance of the various developed meta-heuristic algorithms are evaluated on the recently developed CEC 2021 benchmark functions. The objective functions are parametrized by inclusion of the operators, such as bias, shift and rotation. The different combinations of the binary operators are applied to the objective functions which leads to the CEC2021 benchmark functions. Therefore, different meta-heuristic algorithms are considered which solve the benchmark functions with different dimensions. The performance of some basic, advanced meta-heuristics algorithms and the algorithms that participated in the CEC2021 competition have been experimentally investigated and many observations, recommendations, conclusions have been reached. The experimental results show the performance of meta-heuristic algorithms on the different combinations of binary parameterized operators.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1493-1517
Number of pages25
JournalNeural Computing and Applications
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2023


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