Evaluation of met-ocean forecast data effectiveness for tracking drifters deployed during operational oil spill response in Australian waters

Ben A. Brushett, Brian A. King, C. J. Lemckert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Pollution of the marine environment from hydrocarbon spills is a potential environmental issue with many incidents being reported in recent times. The need for a better understanding of the ocean circulation for spill predictions is essential so that correct response actions can be implemented to minimise environmental damage. There are currently several ocean current models available in the Australian region. This study was aimed at investigating which forecast currents work best when tracking surface drifters deployed during operational oil spill response. The track of a drifter deployed during the Montara well release in the Timor Sea (October 2009) was modelled using six different current models including BLUElink, FOAM, GSLA, HYCOM, NCOM and NLOM. Wind forcing was also required to simulate the track of the drifter and was provided by two wind forecast models, GFS and NOGAPS. Therefore, an ensemble of 12 different model forcing combinations were possible. The NCOM current model with NOGAPS winds produced the best result with an absolute error of 7.19 km after 120 hours (5 days); however NCOM currents with GFS winds tended to more closely predict the track throughout the entire simulation, although the error at the end of the simulation was slightly higher at 11.51 km.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)991-994
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Coastal Research
Issue number64
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

oil spill response
drifter
ocean
water
Australian Region
wind forcing
environmental issue
simulation
marine environment
forecast
evaluation
hydrocarbon
pollution
prediction

Cite this

@article{ea1a9fd001f243b98818d837bbc86525,
title = "Evaluation of met-ocean forecast data effectiveness for tracking drifters deployed during operational oil spill response in Australian waters",
abstract = "Pollution of the marine environment from hydrocarbon spills is a potential environmental issue with many incidents being reported in recent times. The need for a better understanding of the ocean circulation for spill predictions is essential so that correct response actions can be implemented to minimise environmental damage. There are currently several ocean current models available in the Australian region. This study was aimed at investigating which forecast currents work best when tracking surface drifters deployed during operational oil spill response. The track of a drifter deployed during the Montara well release in the Timor Sea (October 2009) was modelled using six different current models including BLUElink, FOAM, GSLA, HYCOM, NCOM and NLOM. Wind forcing was also required to simulate the track of the drifter and was provided by two wind forecast models, GFS and NOGAPS. Therefore, an ensemble of 12 different model forcing combinations were possible. The NCOM current model with NOGAPS winds produced the best result with an absolute error of 7.19 km after 120 hours (5 days); however NCOM currents with GFS winds tended to more closely predict the track throughout the entire simulation, although the error at the end of the simulation was slightly higher at 11.51 km.",
keywords = "current forecasting, ocean drifters, oil spill",
author = "Brushett, {Ben A.} and King, {Brian A.} and Lemckert, {C. J.}",
year = "2011",
language = "English",
pages = "991--994",
journal = "Journal of Coastal Research",
issn = "0749-0208",
publisher = "Coastal Education Research Foundation (CERF)",
number = "64",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Evaluation of met-ocean forecast data effectiveness for tracking drifters deployed during operational oil spill response in Australian waters

AU - Brushett, Ben A.

AU - King, Brian A.

AU - Lemckert, C. J.

PY - 2011

Y1 - 2011

N2 - Pollution of the marine environment from hydrocarbon spills is a potential environmental issue with many incidents being reported in recent times. The need for a better understanding of the ocean circulation for spill predictions is essential so that correct response actions can be implemented to minimise environmental damage. There are currently several ocean current models available in the Australian region. This study was aimed at investigating which forecast currents work best when tracking surface drifters deployed during operational oil spill response. The track of a drifter deployed during the Montara well release in the Timor Sea (October 2009) was modelled using six different current models including BLUElink, FOAM, GSLA, HYCOM, NCOM and NLOM. Wind forcing was also required to simulate the track of the drifter and was provided by two wind forecast models, GFS and NOGAPS. Therefore, an ensemble of 12 different model forcing combinations were possible. The NCOM current model with NOGAPS winds produced the best result with an absolute error of 7.19 km after 120 hours (5 days); however NCOM currents with GFS winds tended to more closely predict the track throughout the entire simulation, although the error at the end of the simulation was slightly higher at 11.51 km.

AB - Pollution of the marine environment from hydrocarbon spills is a potential environmental issue with many incidents being reported in recent times. The need for a better understanding of the ocean circulation for spill predictions is essential so that correct response actions can be implemented to minimise environmental damage. There are currently several ocean current models available in the Australian region. This study was aimed at investigating which forecast currents work best when tracking surface drifters deployed during operational oil spill response. The track of a drifter deployed during the Montara well release in the Timor Sea (October 2009) was modelled using six different current models including BLUElink, FOAM, GSLA, HYCOM, NCOM and NLOM. Wind forcing was also required to simulate the track of the drifter and was provided by two wind forecast models, GFS and NOGAPS. Therefore, an ensemble of 12 different model forcing combinations were possible. The NCOM current model with NOGAPS winds produced the best result with an absolute error of 7.19 km after 120 hours (5 days); however NCOM currents with GFS winds tended to more closely predict the track throughout the entire simulation, although the error at the end of the simulation was slightly higher at 11.51 km.

KW - current forecasting

KW - ocean drifters

KW - oil spill

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84857402912&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

SP - 991

EP - 994

JO - Journal of Coastal Research

JF - Journal of Coastal Research

SN - 0749-0208

IS - 64

ER -