Evaluation of Professional Self-Concept And its Relationship Factors: A study Among Nursing Students in Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Iran

Samira Mohajer, Tang Li Yoong, Chong Mei Chan, Mahmoud Danaee, Seyyed Reza Mazlum, Nasser Bagheri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Professional self-concept (PSC) is an important issue concerning the nursing profession and is reflected as the key concept in nursing professionalism. Although previous studies investigated this concept and its related factors among nursing students, their results showed no consensus.

Objectives: This study aimed to assess PSCs among senior nursing students and examine their relationship with gender and Grade Point Average (GPA).

Methods: This cross-sectional study included 157 nursing students selected by a convenience sampling among senior nursing students in the seventh semester in January 2020 at Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran. The data were collected using Cowin's 36-item Nursing Professional Self-Concept questionnaire, which measures nursing self-concept in six dimensions.

Results: Undergraduate nursing students were 22-24 years old (22.58±98). Moreover, two-thirds of the students were female (66%) and married (71%). The nursing students reported a total mean score of PSC to be 161.1±3.27. The highest mean score of the PSC dimensions belonged to communication (27.7±1.17), and the lowest mean score was observed for self-esteem (25.52±1.06). In addition, there was no significant difference among gender, total PSC, and its dimensions, and there was no relationship with GPA, except for the staff relations (r=-0.198, P
Conclusion: Due to a moderate level of total PSC and the lowest dimensions in self-esteem among nursing students, it is recommended that nursing students' PSC and its dimensions, specifically in self-esteem, be taken into account, which can boost their nursing professionalism.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalIranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
Volume23
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Dec 2021
Externally publishedYes

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