Evolution of climate niches in European mammals?

Carsten Dormann, Bernd Gruber, Marten Winter, Dirk Hermann

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    49 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Our ability to predict consequences of climate change is severely impaired by the lack of knowledge on the ability of species to adapt to changing environmental conditions. We used distribution data for 140 mammal species in Europe, together with data on climate, land cover and topography, to derive a statistical description of their realized climate niche. We then compared climate niche overlap of pairs of species, selected on the basis of phylogenetic information. In contrast to expectations, related species were not similar in their climate niche. Rather, even species pairs that had a common ancestor less than 1Ma already display very high climate niche distances. We interpret our finding as a strong interspecific competitive constraint on the realized niche, rather than a rapid evolution of the fundamental niche. If correct, our results imply a very limited usefulness of climate niche models for the prediction of future mammal distributions.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)229-232
    Number of pages4
    JournalBiology Letters
    Volume6
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2010

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