Evolution of climate niches in European mammals?

Carsten Dormann, Bernd Gruber, Marten Winter, Dirk Hermann

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    48 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Our ability to predict consequences of climate change is severely impaired by the lack of knowledge on the ability of species to adapt to changing environmental conditions. We used distribution data for 140 mammal species in Europe, together with data on climate, land cover and topography, to derive a statistical description of their realized climate niche. We then compared climate niche overlap of pairs of species, selected on the basis of phylogenetic information. In contrast to expectations, related species were not similar in their climate niche. Rather, even species pairs that had a common ancestor less than 1Ma already display very high climate niche distances. We interpret our finding as a strong interspecific competitive constraint on the realized niche, rather than a rapid evolution of the fundamental niche. If correct, our results imply a very limited usefulness of climate niche models for the prediction of future mammal distributions.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)229-232
    Number of pages4
    JournalBiology Letters
    Volume6
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2010

    Fingerprint

    Climate
    Mammals
    niches
    mammals
    climate
    Climate Change
    land cover
    topography
    ancestry
    climate change
    environmental factors
    prediction
    phylogeny

    Cite this

    Dormann, Carsten ; Gruber, Bernd ; Winter, Marten ; Hermann, Dirk. / Evolution of climate niches in European mammals?. In: Biology Letters. 2010 ; Vol. 6, No. 2. pp. 229-232.
    @article{df48912bbe5240218b7ededadefbc457,
    title = "Evolution of climate niches in European mammals?",
    abstract = "Our ability to predict consequences of climate change is severely impaired by the lack of knowledge on the ability of species to adapt to changing environmental conditions. We used distribution data for 140 mammal species in Europe, together with data on climate, land cover and topography, to derive a statistical description of their realized climate niche. We then compared climate niche overlap of pairs of species, selected on the basis of phylogenetic information. In contrast to expectations, related species were not similar in their climate niche. Rather, even species pairs that had a common ancestor less than 1Ma already display very high climate niche distances. We interpret our finding as a strong interspecific competitive constraint on the realized niche, rather than a rapid evolution of the fundamental niche. If correct, our results imply a very limited usefulness of climate niche models for the prediction of future mammal distributions.",
    keywords = "niche evolution, niche model, species distribution model, mammal, phylogeny, phylogenetic signal.",
    author = "Carsten Dormann and Bernd Gruber and Marten Winter and Dirk Hermann",
    year = "2010",
    doi = "10.1098/rsbl.2009.0688",
    language = "English",
    volume = "6",
    pages = "229--232",
    journal = "Biology Letters",
    issn = "1744-9561",
    publisher = "Royal Society of London",
    number = "2",

    }

    Dormann, C, Gruber, B, Winter, M & Hermann, D 2010, 'Evolution of climate niches in European mammals?', Biology Letters, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 229-232. https://doi.org/10.1098/rsbl.2009.0688

    Evolution of climate niches in European mammals? / Dormann, Carsten; Gruber, Bernd; Winter, Marten; Hermann, Dirk.

    In: Biology Letters, Vol. 6, No. 2, 2010, p. 229-232.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Evolution of climate niches in European mammals?

    AU - Dormann, Carsten

    AU - Gruber, Bernd

    AU - Winter, Marten

    AU - Hermann, Dirk

    PY - 2010

    Y1 - 2010

    N2 - Our ability to predict consequences of climate change is severely impaired by the lack of knowledge on the ability of species to adapt to changing environmental conditions. We used distribution data for 140 mammal species in Europe, together with data on climate, land cover and topography, to derive a statistical description of their realized climate niche. We then compared climate niche overlap of pairs of species, selected on the basis of phylogenetic information. In contrast to expectations, related species were not similar in their climate niche. Rather, even species pairs that had a common ancestor less than 1Ma already display very high climate niche distances. We interpret our finding as a strong interspecific competitive constraint on the realized niche, rather than a rapid evolution of the fundamental niche. If correct, our results imply a very limited usefulness of climate niche models for the prediction of future mammal distributions.

    AB - Our ability to predict consequences of climate change is severely impaired by the lack of knowledge on the ability of species to adapt to changing environmental conditions. We used distribution data for 140 mammal species in Europe, together with data on climate, land cover and topography, to derive a statistical description of their realized climate niche. We then compared climate niche overlap of pairs of species, selected on the basis of phylogenetic information. In contrast to expectations, related species were not similar in their climate niche. Rather, even species pairs that had a common ancestor less than 1Ma already display very high climate niche distances. We interpret our finding as a strong interspecific competitive constraint on the realized niche, rather than a rapid evolution of the fundamental niche. If correct, our results imply a very limited usefulness of climate niche models for the prediction of future mammal distributions.

    KW - niche evolution

    KW - niche model

    KW - species distribution model

    KW - mammal

    KW - phylogeny

    KW - phylogenetic signal.

    U2 - 10.1098/rsbl.2009.0688

    DO - 10.1098/rsbl.2009.0688

    M3 - Article

    VL - 6

    SP - 229

    EP - 232

    JO - Biology Letters

    JF - Biology Letters

    SN - 1744-9561

    IS - 2

    ER -