Explaining Foreigners’ Political Rights in the Context of Direct Democracy

A Fuzzy-Set QCA of Swiss Cantonal Popular Votes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)
1 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

In the direct democratic arena, the consensus of voters is required to deliberate policies; without that consent policies are blocked. When bills that support cultural diversity or foreigners’ integration are put into referendums, voters may or may not exert their veto power over the proposed policies. In order to determine under which circumstances these types of bills are successful in referendum, I have undertaken a fuzzy-set qualitative comparative analysis of 39 referendums about the extension of political rights to foreigners at the Swiss cantonal level. My analysis identified a total of five theoretically-informed conditions that explain citizenship liberalization and the success of popular votes. I then located these conditions within two configurational hypotheses which postulate how referendum proponents might overcome direct democratic hurdles. The analysis of the success of referendums reveals that the only sufficient path that leads to the popular vote’s success is to insert the sensitive issues into a multi-faceted bill. As demonstrated by a more in-depth case analysis, the sensitive object is successful because it is hidden from voters during the referendum campaign or because other priority objects inside the bill reduce its salience.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)410-426
Number of pages17
JournalPolitics and Governance
Volume7
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 27 Jun 2019

Fingerprint

direct democracy
political right
referendum
Swiss
voter
bill
cultural diversity
liberalization
citizenship
campaign

Cite this

@article{bbbcb7886d764a22ad273081f4d1bba5,
title = "Explaining Foreigners’ Political Rights in the Context of Direct Democracy: A Fuzzy-Set QCA of Swiss Cantonal Popular Votes",
abstract = "In the direct democratic arena, the consensus of voters is required to deliberate policies; without that consent policies are blocked. When bills that support cultural diversity or foreigners’ integration are put into referendums, voters may or may not exert their veto power over the proposed policies. In order to determine under which circumstances these types of bills are successful in referendum, I have undertaken a fuzzy-set qualitative comparative analysis of 39 referendums about the extension of political rights to foreigners at the Swiss cantonal level. My analysis identified a total of five theoretically-informed conditions that explain citizenship liberalization and the success of popular votes. I then located these conditions within two configurational hypotheses which postulate how referendum proponents might overcome direct democratic hurdles. The analysis of the success of referendums reveals that the only sufficient path that leads to the popular vote’s success is to insert the sensitive issues into a multi-faceted bill. As demonstrated by a more in-depth case analysis, the sensitive object is successful because it is hidden from voters during the referendum campaign or because other priority objects inside the bill reduce its salience.",
keywords = "alien residents, citizenship light, direct democracy, foreigner, political rights, referendum, Switzerland",
author = "Francesco VERI",
year = "2019",
month = "6",
day = "27",
doi = "10.17645/pag.v7i2.1779",
language = "English",
volume = "7",
pages = "410--426",
journal = "Politics and Governance",
issn = "2183-2463",
publisher = "Cogitatio Press",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Explaining Foreigners’ Political Rights in the Context of Direct Democracy

T2 - A Fuzzy-Set QCA of Swiss Cantonal Popular Votes

AU - VERI, Francesco

PY - 2019/6/27

Y1 - 2019/6/27

N2 - In the direct democratic arena, the consensus of voters is required to deliberate policies; without that consent policies are blocked. When bills that support cultural diversity or foreigners’ integration are put into referendums, voters may or may not exert their veto power over the proposed policies. In order to determine under which circumstances these types of bills are successful in referendum, I have undertaken a fuzzy-set qualitative comparative analysis of 39 referendums about the extension of political rights to foreigners at the Swiss cantonal level. My analysis identified a total of five theoretically-informed conditions that explain citizenship liberalization and the success of popular votes. I then located these conditions within two configurational hypotheses which postulate how referendum proponents might overcome direct democratic hurdles. The analysis of the success of referendums reveals that the only sufficient path that leads to the popular vote’s success is to insert the sensitive issues into a multi-faceted bill. As demonstrated by a more in-depth case analysis, the sensitive object is successful because it is hidden from voters during the referendum campaign or because other priority objects inside the bill reduce its salience.

AB - In the direct democratic arena, the consensus of voters is required to deliberate policies; without that consent policies are blocked. When bills that support cultural diversity or foreigners’ integration are put into referendums, voters may or may not exert their veto power over the proposed policies. In order to determine under which circumstances these types of bills are successful in referendum, I have undertaken a fuzzy-set qualitative comparative analysis of 39 referendums about the extension of political rights to foreigners at the Swiss cantonal level. My analysis identified a total of five theoretically-informed conditions that explain citizenship liberalization and the success of popular votes. I then located these conditions within two configurational hypotheses which postulate how referendum proponents might overcome direct democratic hurdles. The analysis of the success of referendums reveals that the only sufficient path that leads to the popular vote’s success is to insert the sensitive issues into a multi-faceted bill. As demonstrated by a more in-depth case analysis, the sensitive object is successful because it is hidden from voters during the referendum campaign or because other priority objects inside the bill reduce its salience.

KW - alien residents

KW - citizenship light

KW - direct democracy

KW - foreigner

KW - political rights

KW - referendum

KW - Switzerland

UR - https://www.cogitatiopress.com/politicsandgovernance/article/view/1779

U2 - 10.17645/pag.v7i2.1779

DO - 10.17645/pag.v7i2.1779

M3 - Article

VL - 7

SP - 410

EP - 426

JO - Politics and Governance

JF - Politics and Governance

SN - 2183-2463

IS - 2

ER -