Facilitators of recovery for step-up and step-down clients of a sub-acute residential mental health service

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13 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Sub-acute residential mental health services provide care for people who are not acutely unwell but require more support than generally available when living in the community. Little is known about how these services facilitate recovery and whether these facilitators differ for clients entering from the community (step-up) or from inpatient settings (step-down).

Aim: To identify features of a sub-acute residential service that have assisted step-up and step-down clients in their recovery.

Method: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 16 step-up and 21 step-down clients. Interview transcripts were examined using an inductive, semantic content analysis approach.

Results: Themes identified included the community context, personal support, the formal program offered and assistance in personal recovery processes, with the level of support for these themes differing for step-up and step-down clients.

Conclusions: Step-up and step-down clients have differing needs to be addressed in a sub-acute service. These services can better meet the needs of clients if they are aware of the setting the client has come from and tailor their services accordingly. Step-up clients prefer support in developing social skills and illness management techniques; step-down clients prefer a less structured environment with assistance in living skills and personal processes of recovery
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)343-349
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Mental Health
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 3 Jul 2016


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