Finite mixture models in neighbourhoods-to-health research: A systematic review

P. Lekkas, I. Stankov, Mark Daniel, Catherine Paquet

Research output: Contribution to journalLiterature reviewpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


A systematic review was conducted, following PRISMA guidelines, to examine the application of finite mixture models (FMMs) in the study of neighbourhoods and health. Two reviewers screened 814-studies identified through database searches and citation tracking. Data were extracted from 19-studies that met the inclusion criteria, and a risk of bias analysis undertaken. Data were synthesised narratively, with a focus on methodological issues idiosyncratic to FMMs. Motivated by a desire to account for neighbourhood heterogeneity, studies sought to identify meaningful neighbourhood-level typologies that explained the distributional nature of health outcomes. Neighbourhood-centred applications of FMMs were promising but there remains scope for advancement. Research-based recommendations are outlined to strengthen prospective neighbourhood-centred studies applying FMMs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102140
Pages (from-to)1-24
Number of pages24
JournalHealth and Place
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2019


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