Five Generations of NGOs in Education: From Humanitarianism to Global Capitalism

Will Brehm, Iveta Silova

Research output: A Conference proceeding or a Chapter in BookChapterpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


This chapter details the emergence of non-governmental organisations (NGOs) in education and the main debates around their involvement. The demarcations between generations are not firm; any one NGO can simultaneously exhibit elements of the various generations described. It highlights the contradiction within neoliberal capitalism that, on the one hand, people and institutions can reproduce a system unknowingly, while, on the other hand, fighting against global capitalism often means doing so from within the system. The chapter illustrates, in addition to grassroots initiatives some NGOs are now forming powerful transnational networks to directly engage in education policy and practice within and across different national contexts. Education NGOs have become, to various degrees, conduits through which neoliberalism spreads. It concludes by questioning the meaning of the public good of education vis-a-vis NGOs and whether it can exist, in new forms, not only within global capitalism but also within the contemporary moment of reactionary nationalism.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationRoutledge Handbook of NGOs and International Relations
EditorsThomas Davies
Place of PublicationUnited Kingdom
Number of pages14
ISBN (Electronic)9781351977500
ISBN (Print)9781138285507
Publication statusPublished - 4 Apr 2019
Externally publishedYes


Dive into the research topics of 'Five Generations of NGOs in Education: From Humanitarianism to Global Capitalism'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this