Flood Plain Nutrient Dynamics: Patterns, Controls and the Influence of Changing Hydrology

Andrew Lowes, Mark Southwell, Martin Thoms

    Research output: A Conference proceeding or a Chapter in BookConference contribution

    1 Citation (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Dissolved nutrients are mobilised from flood plain surfaces during periods of inundation. These dissolved materials are an essential resource for the functioning of flood plain-river ecosystems. However, little is known of the dynamics of nutrient release during periods of flood plain inundation or the factors controlling their release. Patterns of total organic carbon (TOC), total nitrogen (TN) and total phosphorus (TP) released from flood plain sediments were investigated in this study. In a series of experiments conducted over a 72-h period, sediments collected from various flood plain surfaces were wetted in order to assess possible controls, spatial patterns, and the influence of changing hydrology on the release of dissolved nutrients. Top-down constraints, including the reach location, degree of confinement and elevation above the river bed, all had a significant impact on release rates for TOC, as well as release rates and concentrations of TN. Sediment texture was significantly associated with TP concentrations only; although sediment texture was associated with TN and TOC release rates over time. These results indicate that larger scale constraints, such as position in the broader riverine landscape, influence spatial patterns of nutrient release rates over time more than smaller scale influences such as sediment texture. Using the release data for the various flood plain surfaces, combined with long-term flow data for several flow scenarios, simple budgets for dissolved nutrients were calculated for the study reach over the 1922-2000 period. A 43% reduction in the potential supply of dissolved nutrients was demonstrated with changes in river hydrology over this 78-year period associated with water resource developments
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationThe Symposium on Sediment Dynamics in Changing Environments
    Editors Schmidt, Cochrane, Phillips, Elliott, Davies, Basher
    Place of PublicationUnited Kingdom
    PublisherIAHS Press
    Pages68-75
    Number of pages8
    Volume325
    ISBN (Print)9781901502848
    Publication statusPublished - 2008
    EventSediment Dynamic in Changing Environments - Christchurch, New Zealand
    Duration: 1 Dec 2008 → …

    Conference

    ConferenceSediment Dynamic in Changing Environments
    CountryNew Zealand
    CityChristchurch
    Period1/12/08 → …

    Fingerprint

    nutrient dynamics
    hydrology
    nutrient
    total organic carbon
    sediment
    texture
    nitrogen
    phosphorus
    alluvial plain
    river bed
    plain
    rate
    ecosystem
    resource
    river
    experiment

    Cite this

    Lowes, A., Southwell, M., & Thoms, M. (2008). Flood Plain Nutrient Dynamics: Patterns, Controls and the Influence of Changing Hydrology. In Schmidt, Cochrane, Phillips, Elliott, Davies, & Basher (Eds.), The Symposium on Sediment Dynamics in Changing Environments (Vol. 325, pp. 68-75). United Kingdom: IAHS Press.
    Lowes, Andrew ; Southwell, Mark ; Thoms, Martin. / Flood Plain Nutrient Dynamics: Patterns, Controls and the Influence of Changing Hydrology. The Symposium on Sediment Dynamics in Changing Environments. editor / Schmidt ; Cochrane ; Phillips ; Elliott ; Davies ; Basher. Vol. 325 United Kingdom : IAHS Press, 2008. pp. 68-75
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    title = "Flood Plain Nutrient Dynamics: Patterns, Controls and the Influence of Changing Hydrology",
    abstract = "Dissolved nutrients are mobilised from flood plain surfaces during periods of inundation. These dissolved materials are an essential resource for the functioning of flood plain-river ecosystems. However, little is known of the dynamics of nutrient release during periods of flood plain inundation or the factors controlling their release. Patterns of total organic carbon (TOC), total nitrogen (TN) and total phosphorus (TP) released from flood plain sediments were investigated in this study. In a series of experiments conducted over a 72-h period, sediments collected from various flood plain surfaces were wetted in order to assess possible controls, spatial patterns, and the influence of changing hydrology on the release of dissolved nutrients. Top-down constraints, including the reach location, degree of confinement and elevation above the river bed, all had a significant impact on release rates for TOC, as well as release rates and concentrations of TN. Sediment texture was significantly associated with TP concentrations only; although sediment texture was associated with TN and TOC release rates over time. These results indicate that larger scale constraints, such as position in the broader riverine landscape, influence spatial patterns of nutrient release rates over time more than smaller scale influences such as sediment texture. Using the release data for the various flood plain surfaces, combined with long-term flow data for several flow scenarios, simple budgets for dissolved nutrients were calculated for the study reach over the 1922-2000 period. A 43{\%} reduction in the potential supply of dissolved nutrients was demonstrated with changes in river hydrology over this 78-year period associated with water resource developments",
    author = "Andrew Lowes and Mark Southwell and Martin Thoms",
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    Lowes, A, Southwell, M & Thoms, M 2008, Flood Plain Nutrient Dynamics: Patterns, Controls and the Influence of Changing Hydrology. in Schmidt, Cochrane, Phillips, Elliott, Davies & Basher (eds), The Symposium on Sediment Dynamics in Changing Environments. vol. 325, IAHS Press, United Kingdom, pp. 68-75, Sediment Dynamic in Changing Environments, Christchurch, New Zealand, 1/12/08.

    Flood Plain Nutrient Dynamics: Patterns, Controls and the Influence of Changing Hydrology. / Lowes, Andrew; Southwell, Mark; Thoms, Martin.

    The Symposium on Sediment Dynamics in Changing Environments. ed. / Schmidt; Cochrane; Phillips; Elliott; Davies; Basher. Vol. 325 United Kingdom : IAHS Press, 2008. p. 68-75.

    Research output: A Conference proceeding or a Chapter in BookConference contribution

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    T1 - Flood Plain Nutrient Dynamics: Patterns, Controls and the Influence of Changing Hydrology

    AU - Lowes, Andrew

    AU - Southwell, Mark

    AU - Thoms, Martin

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    N2 - Dissolved nutrients are mobilised from flood plain surfaces during periods of inundation. These dissolved materials are an essential resource for the functioning of flood plain-river ecosystems. However, little is known of the dynamics of nutrient release during periods of flood plain inundation or the factors controlling their release. Patterns of total organic carbon (TOC), total nitrogen (TN) and total phosphorus (TP) released from flood plain sediments were investigated in this study. In a series of experiments conducted over a 72-h period, sediments collected from various flood plain surfaces were wetted in order to assess possible controls, spatial patterns, and the influence of changing hydrology on the release of dissolved nutrients. Top-down constraints, including the reach location, degree of confinement and elevation above the river bed, all had a significant impact on release rates for TOC, as well as release rates and concentrations of TN. Sediment texture was significantly associated with TP concentrations only; although sediment texture was associated with TN and TOC release rates over time. These results indicate that larger scale constraints, such as position in the broader riverine landscape, influence spatial patterns of nutrient release rates over time more than smaller scale influences such as sediment texture. Using the release data for the various flood plain surfaces, combined with long-term flow data for several flow scenarios, simple budgets for dissolved nutrients were calculated for the study reach over the 1922-2000 period. A 43% reduction in the potential supply of dissolved nutrients was demonstrated with changes in river hydrology over this 78-year period associated with water resource developments

    AB - Dissolved nutrients are mobilised from flood plain surfaces during periods of inundation. These dissolved materials are an essential resource for the functioning of flood plain-river ecosystems. However, little is known of the dynamics of nutrient release during periods of flood plain inundation or the factors controlling their release. Patterns of total organic carbon (TOC), total nitrogen (TN) and total phosphorus (TP) released from flood plain sediments were investigated in this study. In a series of experiments conducted over a 72-h period, sediments collected from various flood plain surfaces were wetted in order to assess possible controls, spatial patterns, and the influence of changing hydrology on the release of dissolved nutrients. Top-down constraints, including the reach location, degree of confinement and elevation above the river bed, all had a significant impact on release rates for TOC, as well as release rates and concentrations of TN. Sediment texture was significantly associated with TP concentrations only; although sediment texture was associated with TN and TOC release rates over time. These results indicate that larger scale constraints, such as position in the broader riverine landscape, influence spatial patterns of nutrient release rates over time more than smaller scale influences such as sediment texture. Using the release data for the various flood plain surfaces, combined with long-term flow data for several flow scenarios, simple budgets for dissolved nutrients were calculated for the study reach over the 1922-2000 period. A 43% reduction in the potential supply of dissolved nutrients was demonstrated with changes in river hydrology over this 78-year period associated with water resource developments

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    A2 - Cochrane, null

    A2 - Phillips, null

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    PB - IAHS Press

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    Lowes A, Southwell M, Thoms M. Flood Plain Nutrient Dynamics: Patterns, Controls and the Influence of Changing Hydrology. In Schmidt, Cochrane, Phillips, Elliott, Davies, Basher, editors, The Symposium on Sediment Dynamics in Changing Environments. Vol. 325. United Kingdom: IAHS Press. 2008. p. 68-75