Fluctuations in lemming populations in north Yukon, Canada, 2007-2010

Charles KREBS, Donald Reid, Alice Kenney, Scott Gilbert, E Hofer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

We estimated population density of brown lemmings ( (Kerr, 1792)), Greenland collared lemmings ( (Traill, 1823)), and tundra voles ( (Pallas, 1776)) on Herschel Island from 2007 to 2010 by mark-recapture on three live-trapping areas. Limited data were also available from Komakuk Beach on the north Yukon coast. In contrast to most previous studies, brown and collared lemmings were partly out of phase. Brown lemmings on Herschel reached peak density in 2007-2008 and were low in 2009-2010, while collared lemmings were at peak density in 2007-2008 and again in 2010. Large adult male body size was characteristic of peak populations. Brown lemmings increased dramatically in the peak summer of 2008 and collared lemmings increased rapidly when winter breeding under the snow was successful in 2009-2010. By contrast, at Komakuk Beach, we could see no clear signs of fluctuations in these three species. Winter snow conditions may be too severe for population persistence on the coastal plain along the north coast of the Yukon. Further work is needed to unravel why peak lemming densities are so variable among sites and why lemming fluctuations are so pronounced on the arctic coastal plain of Alaska and virtually absent on the coastal plain of the north Yukon.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)297-306
Number of pages10
JournalCanadian Journal of Zoology
Volume89
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes

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Yukon Territory
coastal plains
coastal plain
Canada
snow
beaches
beach
Microtus oeconomus
coasts
winter
population characteristics
coast
Greenland
tundra
trapping
Arctic region
body size
population density
persistence
breeding

Cite this

KREBS, C., Reid, D., Kenney, A., Gilbert, S., & Hofer, E. (2011). Fluctuations in lemming populations in north Yukon, Canada, 2007-2010. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 89(4), 297-306. https://doi.org/10.1139/z11-004
KREBS, Charles ; Reid, Donald ; Kenney, Alice ; Gilbert, Scott ; Hofer, E. / Fluctuations in lemming populations in north Yukon, Canada, 2007-2010. In: Canadian Journal of Zoology. 2011 ; Vol. 89, No. 4. pp. 297-306.
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abstract = "We estimated population density of brown lemmings ( (Kerr, 1792)), Greenland collared lemmings ( (Traill, 1823)), and tundra voles ( (Pallas, 1776)) on Herschel Island from 2007 to 2010 by mark-recapture on three live-trapping areas. Limited data were also available from Komakuk Beach on the north Yukon coast. In contrast to most previous studies, brown and collared lemmings were partly out of phase. Brown lemmings on Herschel reached peak density in 2007-2008 and were low in 2009-2010, while collared lemmings were at peak density in 2007-2008 and again in 2010. Large adult male body size was characteristic of peak populations. Brown lemmings increased dramatically in the peak summer of 2008 and collared lemmings increased rapidly when winter breeding under the snow was successful in 2009-2010. By contrast, at Komakuk Beach, we could see no clear signs of fluctuations in these three species. Winter snow conditions may be too severe for population persistence on the coastal plain along the north coast of the Yukon. Further work is needed to unravel why peak lemming densities are so variable among sites and why lemming fluctuations are so pronounced on the arctic coastal plain of Alaska and virtually absent on the coastal plain of the north Yukon.",
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KREBS, C, Reid, D, Kenney, A, Gilbert, S & Hofer, E 2011, 'Fluctuations in lemming populations in north Yukon, Canada, 2007-2010', Canadian Journal of Zoology, vol. 89, no. 4, pp. 297-306. https://doi.org/10.1139/z11-004

Fluctuations in lemming populations in north Yukon, Canada, 2007-2010. / KREBS, Charles; Reid, Donald; Kenney, Alice; Gilbert, Scott; Hofer, E.

In: Canadian Journal of Zoology, Vol. 89, No. 4, 2011, p. 297-306.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - We estimated population density of brown lemmings ( (Kerr, 1792)), Greenland collared lemmings ( (Traill, 1823)), and tundra voles ( (Pallas, 1776)) on Herschel Island from 2007 to 2010 by mark-recapture on three live-trapping areas. Limited data were also available from Komakuk Beach on the north Yukon coast. In contrast to most previous studies, brown and collared lemmings were partly out of phase. Brown lemmings on Herschel reached peak density in 2007-2008 and were low in 2009-2010, while collared lemmings were at peak density in 2007-2008 and again in 2010. Large adult male body size was characteristic of peak populations. Brown lemmings increased dramatically in the peak summer of 2008 and collared lemmings increased rapidly when winter breeding under the snow was successful in 2009-2010. By contrast, at Komakuk Beach, we could see no clear signs of fluctuations in these three species. Winter snow conditions may be too severe for population persistence on the coastal plain along the north coast of the Yukon. Further work is needed to unravel why peak lemming densities are so variable among sites and why lemming fluctuations are so pronounced on the arctic coastal plain of Alaska and virtually absent on the coastal plain of the north Yukon.

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