Food environment, walkability, and public open spaces are associated with incident development of cardio-metabolic risk factors in a biomedical cohort

Catherine Paquet, Neil COFFEE, Matthew Haren, Natasha Howard, Robert Adams, Anne Taylor, Mark DANIEL

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We investigated whether residential environment characteristics related to food (unhealthful/healthful food sources ratio), walkability and public open spaces (POS; number, median size, greenness and type) were associated with incidence of four cardio-metabolic risk factors (pre-diabetes/diabetes, hypertension, dyslipiclaemia, abdominal obesity) in a biomedical cohort (n = 3205). Results revealed that the risk of developing pre-diabetes/diabetes was lower for participants in areas with larger POS and greater walkability. Incident abdominal obesity was positively associated with the unhealthful food environment index. No associations were found with hypertension or dyslipidaemia. Results provide new evidence for specific, prospective associations between the built environment and cardio-metabolic risk factors
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)173-176
Number of pages4
JournalHealth and Place
Volume28
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes

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diabetes
public space
open space
risk factor
chronic illness
incident
Abdominal Obesity
food
Food
hypertension
obesity
Hypertension
Dyslipidemias
residential environment
incidence
Incidence
evidence

Cite this

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title = "Food environment, walkability, and public open spaces are associated with incident development of cardio-metabolic risk factors in a biomedical cohort",
abstract = "We investigated whether residential environment characteristics related to food (unhealthful/healthful food sources ratio), walkability and public open spaces (POS; number, median size, greenness and type) were associated with incidence of four cardio-metabolic risk factors (pre-diabetes/diabetes, hypertension, dyslipiclaemia, abdominal obesity) in a biomedical cohort (n = 3205). Results revealed that the risk of developing pre-diabetes/diabetes was lower for participants in areas with larger POS and greater walkability. Incident abdominal obesity was positively associated with the unhealthful food environment index. No associations were found with hypertension or dyslipidaemia. Results provide new evidence for specific, prospective associations between the built environment and cardio-metabolic risk factors",
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Food environment, walkability, and public open spaces are associated with incident development of cardio-metabolic risk factors in a biomedical cohort. / Paquet, Catherine; COFFEE, Neil; Haren, Matthew; Howard, Natasha; Adams, Robert; Taylor, Anne; DANIEL, Mark.

In: Health and Place, Vol. 28, 2014, p. 173-176.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - COFFEE, Neil

AU - Haren, Matthew

AU - Howard, Natasha

AU - Adams, Robert

AU - Taylor, Anne

AU - DANIEL, Mark

PY - 2014

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