Food webs: reconciling the structure and function of biodiversity

Ross Thompson, Ulrich Brose, Jennifer Dunne, Robert Hall Jr, Sally Hladyz, Roger Kitching, Neo Martinez, Heidi Rantala, Tamara Romanuk, Daniel Stouffer, Jason Tylianakis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

251 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The global biodiversity crisis concerns not only unprecedented loss of species within communities, but also related consequences for ecosystem function. Community ecology focuses on patterns of species richness and community composition, whereas ecosystem ecology focuses on fluxes of energy and materials. Food webs provide a quantitative framework to combine these approaches and unify the study of biodiversity and ecosystem function. We summarise the progression of foodweb ecology and the challenges in using the food-web approach. We identify five areas of research where these advances can continue, and be applied to global challenges. Finally, we describe what data are needed in the next generation of food-web studies to reconcile the structure and function of biodiversity.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)689-697
Number of pages9
JournalTrends in Ecology Evolution
Volume27
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Externally publishedYes

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food webs
food web
biodiversity
ecosystem function
ecosystems
ecology
community ecology
community composition
species richness
species diversity
ecosystem
energy
loss
material

Cite this

Thompson, R., Brose, U., Dunne, J., Hall Jr, R., Hladyz, S., Kitching, R., ... Tylianakis, J. (2012). Food webs: reconciling the structure and function of biodiversity. Trends in Ecology Evolution, 27, 689-697. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2012.08.005
Thompson, Ross ; Brose, Ulrich ; Dunne, Jennifer ; Hall Jr, Robert ; Hladyz, Sally ; Kitching, Roger ; Martinez, Neo ; Rantala, Heidi ; Romanuk, Tamara ; Stouffer, Daniel ; Tylianakis, Jason. / Food webs: reconciling the structure and function of biodiversity. In: Trends in Ecology Evolution. 2012 ; Vol. 27. pp. 689-697.
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Thompson, R, Brose, U, Dunne, J, Hall Jr, R, Hladyz, S, Kitching, R, Martinez, N, Rantala, H, Romanuk, T, Stouffer, D & Tylianakis, J 2012, 'Food webs: reconciling the structure and function of biodiversity', Trends in Ecology Evolution, vol. 27, pp. 689-697. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2012.08.005

Food webs: reconciling the structure and function of biodiversity. / Thompson, Ross; Brose, Ulrich; Dunne, Jennifer; Hall Jr, Robert; Hladyz, Sally; Kitching, Roger; Martinez, Neo; Rantala, Heidi; Romanuk, Tamara; Stouffer, Daniel; Tylianakis, Jason.

In: Trends in Ecology Evolution, Vol. 27, 2012, p. 689-697.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Thompson, Ross

AU - Brose, Ulrich

AU - Dunne, Jennifer

AU - Hall Jr, Robert

AU - Hladyz, Sally

AU - Kitching, Roger

AU - Martinez, Neo

AU - Rantala, Heidi

AU - Romanuk, Tamara

AU - Stouffer, Daniel

AU - Tylianakis, Jason

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AB - The global biodiversity crisis concerns not only unprecedented loss of species within communities, but also related consequences for ecosystem function. Community ecology focuses on patterns of species richness and community composition, whereas ecosystem ecology focuses on fluxes of energy and materials. Food webs provide a quantitative framework to combine these approaches and unify the study of biodiversity and ecosystem function. We summarise the progression of foodweb ecology and the challenges in using the food-web approach. We identify five areas of research where these advances can continue, and be applied to global challenges. Finally, we describe what data are needed in the next generation of food-web studies to reconcile the structure and function of biodiversity.

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DO - 10.1016/j.tree.2012.08.005

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JF - Trends in Ecology Evolution

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