Community forestry in Nepal has long been considered a leading model of participatory forest management, whereby the state hands over national forest to be managed by local Community Forest User Groups (CFUGs). This development has been well documented (Hobley, 1996; Poffenberger, 2000; Ojha et al., 2006) with particularly keen attention to the social issues of organization, livelihoods impact and equity. However, the trend in Nepal follows a global tendency, as attention has shifted more recently to the technical details of forest management (Lawrence, 2007). Furthermore, as participatory approaches to natural resource management proliferate, initial enthusiasm has been tempered by the challenges of both scaling up participatory practice amongst the stakeholders who govern and use the resources (Sukwong, 1998) and developing the policy and institutional framework to support such approaches. In this chapter we explore the negotiation of responses to both these shifts, through the process of developing and implementing the government-approved forest inventory guidelines for community forestry in Nepal (Ministry of Forests and Soil Conservation, 2000; Department of Forests, 2004). We focus on the process and how the results were experienced by different stakeholders – national and district staff from the Department of Forests, members of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) representing civil society, and CFUGs. We examine the knowledge, roles and involvement of these stakeholders in the development of the inventory guidelines.
|Title of host publication||Taking Stock of Nature|
|Subtitle of host publication||Participatory Biodiversity Assessment for Policy, Planning and Practice|
|Place of Publication||United Kingdom|
|Publisher||Cambridge University Press|
|Number of pages||20|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2010|