Functional characterisation of ganglioside-induced differentiation-associated protein 1 as a glutathione transferase

Alison J Shield, Tracy P Murray, Philip G Board

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Mutations in the ganglioside-induced differentiation-associated protein 1 (GDAP1) gene have been linked with Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease. This protein, and its paralogue GDAP1L1, appear to be structurally related to the cytosolic glutathione S-transferases (GST) including an N-terminal thioredoxin fold domain with conserved active site residues. The specific function, of GDAP1 remains unknown. To further characterise their structure and function we purified recombinant human GDAP1 and GDAP1L1 proteins using bacterial expression and immobilised metal affinity chromatography. Like other cytosolic GSTs, GDAP1 protein has a dimeric structure. Although the full-length proteins were largely insoluble, the deletion of a proposed C-terminal transmembrane domain allowed the preparation of soluble protein. The purified proteins were assayed for glutathione-dependent activity against a library of 'prototypic' GST substrates. No evidence of glutathione-dependent activity or an ability to bind glutathione immobilised on agarose was found.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)859-66
Number of pages8
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume347
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 8 Sep 2006
Externally publishedYes

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Glutathione Transferase
Glutathione
Proteins
Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease
Affinity chromatography
Thioredoxins
Bacterial Proteins
Affinity Chromatography
Sepharose
Libraries
Catalytic Domain
Genes
Metals
GDAP protein
Mutation
Substrates

Cite this

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title = "Functional characterisation of ganglioside-induced differentiation-associated protein 1 as a glutathione transferase",
abstract = "Mutations in the ganglioside-induced differentiation-associated protein 1 (GDAP1) gene have been linked with Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease. This protein, and its paralogue GDAP1L1, appear to be structurally related to the cytosolic glutathione S-transferases (GST) including an N-terminal thioredoxin fold domain with conserved active site residues. The specific function, of GDAP1 remains unknown. To further characterise their structure and function we purified recombinant human GDAP1 and GDAP1L1 proteins using bacterial expression and immobilised metal affinity chromatography. Like other cytosolic GSTs, GDAP1 protein has a dimeric structure. Although the full-length proteins were largely insoluble, the deletion of a proposed C-terminal transmembrane domain allowed the preparation of soluble protein. The purified proteins were assayed for glutathione-dependent activity against a library of 'prototypic' GST substrates. No evidence of glutathione-dependent activity or an ability to bind glutathione immobilised on agarose was found.",
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Functional characterisation of ganglioside-induced differentiation-associated protein 1 as a glutathione transferase. / Shield, Alison J; Murray, Tracy P; Board, Philip G.

In: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol. 347, No. 4, 08.09.2006, p. 859-66.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

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AU - Shield, Alison J

AU - Murray, Tracy P

AU - Board, Philip G

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N2 - Mutations in the ganglioside-induced differentiation-associated protein 1 (GDAP1) gene have been linked with Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease. This protein, and its paralogue GDAP1L1, appear to be structurally related to the cytosolic glutathione S-transferases (GST) including an N-terminal thioredoxin fold domain with conserved active site residues. The specific function, of GDAP1 remains unknown. To further characterise their structure and function we purified recombinant human GDAP1 and GDAP1L1 proteins using bacterial expression and immobilised metal affinity chromatography. Like other cytosolic GSTs, GDAP1 protein has a dimeric structure. Although the full-length proteins were largely insoluble, the deletion of a proposed C-terminal transmembrane domain allowed the preparation of soluble protein. The purified proteins were assayed for glutathione-dependent activity against a library of 'prototypic' GST substrates. No evidence of glutathione-dependent activity or an ability to bind glutathione immobilised on agarose was found.

AB - Mutations in the ganglioside-induced differentiation-associated protein 1 (GDAP1) gene have been linked with Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease. This protein, and its paralogue GDAP1L1, appear to be structurally related to the cytosolic glutathione S-transferases (GST) including an N-terminal thioredoxin fold domain with conserved active site residues. The specific function, of GDAP1 remains unknown. To further characterise their structure and function we purified recombinant human GDAP1 and GDAP1L1 proteins using bacterial expression and immobilised metal affinity chromatography. Like other cytosolic GSTs, GDAP1 protein has a dimeric structure. Although the full-length proteins were largely insoluble, the deletion of a proposed C-terminal transmembrane domain allowed the preparation of soluble protein. The purified proteins were assayed for glutathione-dependent activity against a library of 'prototypic' GST substrates. No evidence of glutathione-dependent activity or an ability to bind glutathione immobilised on agarose was found.

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