GEMAS: CNS concentrations and C/N ratios in European agricultural soil

The GEMAS Project Team

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A reliable overview of measured concentrations of TC, TN and TS, TOC/TN ratios, and their regional distribution patterns in agricultural soil at the continental scale and based on measured data has been missing – despite much previous work on local and the European scales. Detection and mapping of natural (ambient) background element concentrations and variability in Europe was the focus of this work. While total C and S data had been presented in the GEMAS atlas already, this work delivers more precise (lower limit of determination) and fully quantitative data, and for the first time high-quality TN data. Samples were collected from the uppermost 20 cm of ploughed soil (Ap horizon) at 2108 sites with an even sampling density of one site per 2500 km2 for one individual land-use class (agricultural) across Europe (33 countries). Laboratory-independent quality control from sampling to analysis guaranteed very good data reliability and accuracy. Total carbon concentrations ranged from 0.37 to 46.3 wt% (median: 2.20 wt%) and TOC from 0.40 to 46.0 wt% (median: 1.80 wt%). Total nitrogen ranged from 0.018 to 2.64 wt% (median: 0.169 wt%) and TS from 0.008 to 9.74 wt% (median: 0.034 wt%), all with large variations in most countries. The TOC/TN ratios ranged from 1.8 to 252 (median: 10.1), with the largest variation in Spain and the smallest in some eastern European countries. Distinct and repetitive patterns emerge at the European scale, reflecting mostly geogenic and longer-term climatic influence responsible for the spatial distribution of TC, TN and TS. Different processes become visible at the continental scale when examining TC, TN and TS concentrations in agricultural soil Europe-wide. This facilitates large-scale land-use management and allows specific areas (subregional to local) to be identified that may require more detailed research.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)975-984
Number of pages10
JournalScience of the Total Environment
Volume627
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jun 2018
Externally publishedYes

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agricultural soil
Soils
Land use
Sampling
land use
Spatial distribution
Quality control
sampling
Nitrogen
Carbon
soil horizon
data quality
atlas
quality control
spatial distribution
nitrogen
carbon
Europe

Cite this

@article{0ec63a429a9044609239ff0a8bf6d3e2,
title = "GEMAS: CNS concentrations and C/N ratios in European agricultural soil",
abstract = "A reliable overview of measured concentrations of TC, TN and TS, TOC/TN ratios, and their regional distribution patterns in agricultural soil at the continental scale and based on measured data has been missing – despite much previous work on local and the European scales. Detection and mapping of natural (ambient) background element concentrations and variability in Europe was the focus of this work. While total C and S data had been presented in the GEMAS atlas already, this work delivers more precise (lower limit of determination) and fully quantitative data, and for the first time high-quality TN data. Samples were collected from the uppermost 20 cm of ploughed soil (Ap horizon) at 2108 sites with an even sampling density of one site per 2500 km2 for one individual land-use class (agricultural) across Europe (33 countries). Laboratory-independent quality control from sampling to analysis guaranteed very good data reliability and accuracy. Total carbon concentrations ranged from 0.37 to 46.3 wt{\%} (median: 2.20 wt{\%}) and TOC from 0.40 to 46.0 wt{\%} (median: 1.80 wt{\%}). Total nitrogen ranged from 0.018 to 2.64 wt{\%} (median: 0.169 wt{\%}) and TS from 0.008 to 9.74 wt{\%} (median: 0.034 wt{\%}), all with large variations in most countries. The TOC/TN ratios ranged from 1.8 to 252 (median: 10.1), with the largest variation in Spain and the smallest in some eastern European countries. Distinct and repetitive patterns emerge at the European scale, reflecting mostly geogenic and longer-term climatic influence responsible for the spatial distribution of TC, TN and TS. Different processes become visible at the continental scale when examining TC, TN and TS concentrations in agricultural soil Europe-wide. This facilitates large-scale land-use management and allows specific areas (subregional to local) to be identified that may require more detailed research.",
keywords = "Arable soil, Carbon, GEMAS project, Nitrogen, Spatial distribution, Sulphur, Total organic carbon (TOC)",
author = "{The GEMAS Project Team} and J{\"o}rg Matschullat and Clemens Reimann and Manfred Birke and {dos Santos Carvalho}, Debora and S. Albanese and M. Anderson and R. Baritz and Batista, {M. J.} and A. Bel-Ian and D. Cicchella and A. Demetriades and {De Vivo}, B. and {De Vos}, W. and E. Dinelli and M. Ďuriš and A. Dusza-Dobek and Eggen, {O. A.} and M. Eklund and V. Ernsten and K. Fabian and P. Filzmoser and Flight, {D. M.A.} and S. Forrester and U. F{\"u}gedi and A. Gilucis and M. Gosar and V. Gregorauskiene and {De Groot}, W. and A. Gulan and J. Halamić and E. Haslinger and P. Hayoz and J. Hoogewerff and H. Hrvatovic and S. Husnjak and F. J{\"a}hne-Klingberg and L. Janik and G. Jordan and M. Kaminari and J. Kirby and V. Klos and P. Kwećko and L. Kuti and A. Ladenberger and A. Lima and J. Locutura and P. Lucivjansky and A. Mann and D. Mackovych and M. McLaughlin and Malyuk, {B. I.} and R. Maquil and Meuli, {R. G.} and G. Mol and P. N{\'e}grel and P. O'Connor and K. Oorts and Ottesen, {R. T.} and A. Pasnieczna and V. Petersell and S. Pfleiderer and M. Poňavič and C. Prazeres and S. Radusinović and U. Rauch and M. Sadeghi and I. Salpeteur and R. Scanlon and A. Schedl and A. Scheib and I. Schoeters and P. Šefčik and E. Sellersj{\"o} and I. Slaninka and Soriano-Disla, {J. M.} and A. Šorša and R. Svrkota and T. Stafilov and T. Tarvainen and V. Tendavilov and P. Valera and V. Verougstraete and D. Vidojević and A. Zissimos and Z. Zomeni",
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month = "6",
day = "15",
doi = "10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.01.214",
language = "English",
volume = "627",
pages = "975--984",
journal = "Science of the Total Environment",
issn = "0048-9697",
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}

GEMAS: CNS concentrations and C/N ratios in European agricultural soil. / The GEMAS Project Team.

In: Science of the Total Environment, Vol. 627, 15.06.2018, p. 975-984.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - GEMAS: CNS concentrations and C/N ratios in European agricultural soil

AU - The GEMAS Project Team

AU - Matschullat, Jörg

AU - Reimann, Clemens

AU - Birke, Manfred

AU - dos Santos Carvalho, Debora

AU - Albanese, S.

AU - Anderson, M.

AU - Baritz, R.

AU - Batista, M. J.

AU - Bel-Ian, A.

AU - Cicchella, D.

AU - Demetriades, A.

AU - De Vivo, B.

AU - De Vos, W.

AU - Dinelli, E.

AU - Ďuriš, M.

AU - Dusza-Dobek, A.

AU - Eggen, O. A.

AU - Eklund, M.

AU - Ernsten, V.

AU - Fabian, K.

AU - Filzmoser, P.

AU - Flight, D. M.A.

AU - Forrester, S.

AU - Fügedi, U.

AU - Gilucis, A.

AU - Gosar, M.

AU - Gregorauskiene, V.

AU - De Groot, W.

AU - Gulan, A.

AU - Halamić, J.

AU - Haslinger, E.

AU - Hayoz, P.

AU - Hoogewerff, J.

AU - Hrvatovic, H.

AU - Husnjak, S.

AU - Jähne-Klingberg, F.

AU - Janik, L.

AU - Jordan, G.

AU - Kaminari, M.

AU - Kirby, J.

AU - Klos, V.

AU - Kwećko, P.

AU - Kuti, L.

AU - Ladenberger, A.

AU - Lima, A.

AU - Locutura, J.

AU - Lucivjansky, P.

AU - Mann, A.

AU - Mackovych, D.

AU - McLaughlin, M.

AU - Malyuk, B. I.

AU - Maquil, R.

AU - Meuli, R. G.

AU - Mol, G.

AU - Négrel, P.

AU - O'Connor, P.

AU - Oorts, K.

AU - Ottesen, R. T.

AU - Pasnieczna, A.

AU - Petersell, V.

AU - Pfleiderer, S.

AU - Poňavič, M.

AU - Prazeres, C.

AU - Radusinović, S.

AU - Rauch, U.

AU - Sadeghi, M.

AU - Salpeteur, I.

AU - Scanlon, R.

AU - Schedl, A.

AU - Scheib, A.

AU - Schoeters, I.

AU - Šefčik, P.

AU - Sellersjö, E.

AU - Slaninka, I.

AU - Soriano-Disla, J. M.

AU - Šorša, A.

AU - Svrkota, R.

AU - Stafilov, T.

AU - Tarvainen, T.

AU - Tendavilov, V.

AU - Valera, P.

AU - Verougstraete, V.

AU - Vidojević, D.

AU - Zissimos, A.

AU - Zomeni, Z.

PY - 2018/6/15

Y1 - 2018/6/15

N2 - A reliable overview of measured concentrations of TC, TN and TS, TOC/TN ratios, and their regional distribution patterns in agricultural soil at the continental scale and based on measured data has been missing – despite much previous work on local and the European scales. Detection and mapping of natural (ambient) background element concentrations and variability in Europe was the focus of this work. While total C and S data had been presented in the GEMAS atlas already, this work delivers more precise (lower limit of determination) and fully quantitative data, and for the first time high-quality TN data. Samples were collected from the uppermost 20 cm of ploughed soil (Ap horizon) at 2108 sites with an even sampling density of one site per 2500 km2 for one individual land-use class (agricultural) across Europe (33 countries). Laboratory-independent quality control from sampling to analysis guaranteed very good data reliability and accuracy. Total carbon concentrations ranged from 0.37 to 46.3 wt% (median: 2.20 wt%) and TOC from 0.40 to 46.0 wt% (median: 1.80 wt%). Total nitrogen ranged from 0.018 to 2.64 wt% (median: 0.169 wt%) and TS from 0.008 to 9.74 wt% (median: 0.034 wt%), all with large variations in most countries. The TOC/TN ratios ranged from 1.8 to 252 (median: 10.1), with the largest variation in Spain and the smallest in some eastern European countries. Distinct and repetitive patterns emerge at the European scale, reflecting mostly geogenic and longer-term climatic influence responsible for the spatial distribution of TC, TN and TS. Different processes become visible at the continental scale when examining TC, TN and TS concentrations in agricultural soil Europe-wide. This facilitates large-scale land-use management and allows specific areas (subregional to local) to be identified that may require more detailed research.

AB - A reliable overview of measured concentrations of TC, TN and TS, TOC/TN ratios, and their regional distribution patterns in agricultural soil at the continental scale and based on measured data has been missing – despite much previous work on local and the European scales. Detection and mapping of natural (ambient) background element concentrations and variability in Europe was the focus of this work. While total C and S data had been presented in the GEMAS atlas already, this work delivers more precise (lower limit of determination) and fully quantitative data, and for the first time high-quality TN data. Samples were collected from the uppermost 20 cm of ploughed soil (Ap horizon) at 2108 sites with an even sampling density of one site per 2500 km2 for one individual land-use class (agricultural) across Europe (33 countries). Laboratory-independent quality control from sampling to analysis guaranteed very good data reliability and accuracy. Total carbon concentrations ranged from 0.37 to 46.3 wt% (median: 2.20 wt%) and TOC from 0.40 to 46.0 wt% (median: 1.80 wt%). Total nitrogen ranged from 0.018 to 2.64 wt% (median: 0.169 wt%) and TS from 0.008 to 9.74 wt% (median: 0.034 wt%), all with large variations in most countries. The TOC/TN ratios ranged from 1.8 to 252 (median: 10.1), with the largest variation in Spain and the smallest in some eastern European countries. Distinct and repetitive patterns emerge at the European scale, reflecting mostly geogenic and longer-term climatic influence responsible for the spatial distribution of TC, TN and TS. Different processes become visible at the continental scale when examining TC, TN and TS concentrations in agricultural soil Europe-wide. This facilitates large-scale land-use management and allows specific areas (subregional to local) to be identified that may require more detailed research.

KW - Arable soil

KW - Carbon

KW - GEMAS project

KW - Nitrogen

KW - Spatial distribution

KW - Sulphur

KW - Total organic carbon (TOC)

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85041479758&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.01.214

DO - 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.01.214

M3 - Article

VL - 627

SP - 975

EP - 984

JO - Science of the Total Environment

JF - Science of the Total Environment

SN - 0048-9697

ER -