GEMAS: Cobolt, Cr, Cu and Ni distribution in agricultural and grazing land soil of Europe

Stefano Albanese, Martiya Sadeghi, Domenico Cicchella, Enrico Dinelli, Paolo Valera, marco Falconi, Aleco Demetriades, Benedetto De Vivo, GEMAS Team, Jurian HOOGEWERFF

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the framework of the GEMAS project, 2211 samples of agricultural soil (Ap, 0–20 cm, regularly ploughed fields), and 2118 samples from land under permanent grass cover (Gr, 0–10 cm, grazing land soil) were collected across almost the whole European continent, at a density of 1 sample site/2500 km2, in accordance with a common sampling protocol.
Among many other elements, the concentrations of Co, Cr, Cu and Ni in European soil were determined by ICP-MS after a hot aqua extraction, and WD-XRFS analytical methods, and their spatial distribution patterns generated by means of a GIS software.

The presence of mafic and ultramafic rocks, ophiolite complexes and mineralisation, is widespread across the European continent, and seems to explain most of the variability of the elements studied in this paper. A large belt, north of the last glaciation maximum limit, is generally dominated by lower concentrations compared with central European and Mediterranean areas and to some areas in Northern Europe where higher Co, Cr, Cu and Ni values also occur.

The application of the guideline value set for Cu and Ni by the EU Directive 86/278/EEC to the Ap soil samples of the GEMAS data set highlighted that at the continental scale the use of a unique reference interval is a tool of limited effectiveness; the lithological variation, occurring across a whole continent, generates changes in the geochemistry of soil, which cannot be accommodated by using a single reference interval even if it is very wide. The GEMAS data set should form the sound basis to set at the European scale the geochemical background reference intervals, at least, for regions sharing common lithological settings and a common geological history
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)81-93
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Geochemical Exploration
Volume154
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes

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grazing
Soils
soil
last glaciation
ultramafic rock
mafic rock
ophiolite
agricultural soil
Geochemistry
analytical method
geochemistry
GIS
Geographic information systems
Spatial distribution
grass
mineralization
spatial distribution
software
Rocks
distribution

Cite this

Albanese, Stefano ; Sadeghi, Martiya ; Cicchella, Domenico ; Dinelli, Enrico ; Valera, Paolo ; Falconi, marco ; Demetriades, Aleco ; De Vivo, Benedetto ; Team, GEMAS ; HOOGEWERFF, Jurian. / GEMAS: Cobolt, Cr, Cu and Ni distribution in agricultural and grazing land soil of Europe. In: Journal of Geochemical Exploration. 2015 ; Vol. 154. pp. 81-93.
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Albanese, S, Sadeghi, M, Cicchella, D, Dinelli, E, Valera, P, Falconi, M, Demetriades, A, De Vivo, B, Team, GEMAS & HOOGEWERFF, J 2015, 'GEMAS: Cobolt, Cr, Cu and Ni distribution in agricultural and grazing land soil of Europe', Journal of Geochemical Exploration, vol. 154, pp. 81-93. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gexplo.2015.01.004

GEMAS: Cobolt, Cr, Cu and Ni distribution in agricultural and grazing land soil of Europe. / Albanese, Stefano; Sadeghi, Martiya; Cicchella, Domenico; Dinelli, Enrico; Valera, Paolo; Falconi, marco; Demetriades, Aleco; De Vivo, Benedetto; Team, GEMAS; HOOGEWERFF, Jurian.

In: Journal of Geochemical Exploration, Vol. 154, 2015, p. 81-93.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - GEMAS: Cobolt, Cr, Cu and Ni distribution in agricultural and grazing land soil of Europe

AU - Albanese, Stefano

AU - Sadeghi, Martiya

AU - Cicchella, Domenico

AU - Dinelli, Enrico

AU - Valera, Paolo

AU - Falconi, marco

AU - Demetriades, Aleco

AU - De Vivo, Benedetto

AU - Team, GEMAS

AU - HOOGEWERFF, Jurian

PY - 2015

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N2 - In the framework of the GEMAS project, 2211 samples of agricultural soil (Ap, 0–20 cm, regularly ploughed fields), and 2118 samples from land under permanent grass cover (Gr, 0–10 cm, grazing land soil) were collected across almost the whole European continent, at a density of 1 sample site/2500 km2, in accordance with a common sampling protocol.Among many other elements, the concentrations of Co, Cr, Cu and Ni in European soil were determined by ICP-MS after a hot aqua extraction, and WD-XRFS analytical methods, and their spatial distribution patterns generated by means of a GIS software.The presence of mafic and ultramafic rocks, ophiolite complexes and mineralisation, is widespread across the European continent, and seems to explain most of the variability of the elements studied in this paper. A large belt, north of the last glaciation maximum limit, is generally dominated by lower concentrations compared with central European and Mediterranean areas and to some areas in Northern Europe where higher Co, Cr, Cu and Ni values also occur.The application of the guideline value set for Cu and Ni by the EU Directive 86/278/EEC to the Ap soil samples of the GEMAS data set highlighted that at the continental scale the use of a unique reference interval is a tool of limited effectiveness; the lithological variation, occurring across a whole continent, generates changes in the geochemistry of soil, which cannot be accommodated by using a single reference interval even if it is very wide. The GEMAS data set should form the sound basis to set at the European scale the geochemical background reference intervals, at least, for regions sharing common lithological settings and a common geological history

AB - In the framework of the GEMAS project, 2211 samples of agricultural soil (Ap, 0–20 cm, regularly ploughed fields), and 2118 samples from land under permanent grass cover (Gr, 0–10 cm, grazing land soil) were collected across almost the whole European continent, at a density of 1 sample site/2500 km2, in accordance with a common sampling protocol.Among many other elements, the concentrations of Co, Cr, Cu and Ni in European soil were determined by ICP-MS after a hot aqua extraction, and WD-XRFS analytical methods, and their spatial distribution patterns generated by means of a GIS software.The presence of mafic and ultramafic rocks, ophiolite complexes and mineralisation, is widespread across the European continent, and seems to explain most of the variability of the elements studied in this paper. A large belt, north of the last glaciation maximum limit, is generally dominated by lower concentrations compared with central European and Mediterranean areas and to some areas in Northern Europe where higher Co, Cr, Cu and Ni values also occur.The application of the guideline value set for Cu and Ni by the EU Directive 86/278/EEC to the Ap soil samples of the GEMAS data set highlighted that at the continental scale the use of a unique reference interval is a tool of limited effectiveness; the lithological variation, occurring across a whole continent, generates changes in the geochemistry of soil, which cannot be accommodated by using a single reference interval even if it is very wide. The GEMAS data set should form the sound basis to set at the European scale the geochemical background reference intervals, at least, for regions sharing common lithological settings and a common geological history

KW - geochemical-mapping

KW - GEMAS-project

U2 - 10.1016/j.gexplo.2015.01.004

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JO - Journal of Geochemical Exploration

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