Two studies which investigated gender-based decision making in an occupational setting are reported. Participants judged the suitability of a male or a female applicant with identical résumés for a male-dominated or a female-dominated position. In Study 1, where participants gave their own judgments of the suitability of the applicants for the positions, there was no evidence of gender-based biases. In Study 2, participants were required to take the perspective of the applicant in providing their judgments of suitability. In this experiment, gender-based biases were apparent, with a positive bias toward the male applicant. Results are discussed in terms of occupational stereotyping and subtle sexism.
|Number of pages
|Journal of Applied Social Psychology
|Published - 16 Sept 1998