Gene-edited vero cells as rotavirus vaccine substrates

Nichole Orr-Burks, Jackelyn Murray, Weilin Wu, Carl D. Kirkwood, Kyle V. Todd, Les Jones, Abhijeet Bakre, Houping Wang, Baoming Jiang, Ralph A. Tripp

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Rotavirus (RV) is a leading cause of severe gastroenteritis globally and can cause substantial morbidity associated with gastroenteritis in children <5 years of age. Orally administered live-attenuated RV vaccines offer protection against disease but vaccination efforts have been hampered by high manufacturing costs and the need to maintain a cold chain. Methods: A subset of Vero cell host genes was identified by siRNA that when knocked down increased RV replication and these anti-viral host genes were individually deleted using CRISPR-Cas9. Results: Fully-sequenced gene knockout Vero cell substrates were assessed for increased RV replication and RV vaccine antigen expression compared to wild type Vero cells. The results showed that RV replication and antigen production were logs higher in Vero cells having an EMX2 gene deletion compared to other Vero cell substrates tested. Conclusions: We used siRNAs to screen for host genes that negatively affected RV replication, then CRISPR-Cas9 gene editing to delete select genes. The gene editing led to the development of enhanced RV vaccine substrates supporting a potential path forward for improving RV vaccine production.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100045
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalVaccine: X
Volume3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Dec 2019
Externally publishedYes

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