Global gene flow releases invasive plants from environmental constraints on genetic diversity

Annabel L. Smith, Trevor R. Hodkinson, Jesus Villellas, Jane A. Catford, Anna Maria Csergo, Simone P. Blomberg, Elizabeth E. Crone, Johan Ehrlen, Maria B. Garcia, Anna-Liisa Laine, Deborah A. Roach, Roberto Salguero-Gomez, Glenda M. Wardle, Dylan Z. Childs, Bret D. Elderd, Alain Finn, Sergi Munne-Bosch, Maude E. A. Baudraz, Judit Bodis, Francis Q. Brearley & 28 others Anna Bucharova, Christina M. Caruso, Richard P. Duncan, Johnm. Dwyerh, Ben Gooden, Ronny Groenteman, Liv Norunn Hamre, Aveliina Helm, Ruth Kelly, Lauri Laanisto, Michele Lonati, Joslin L. Moore, Melanie Morales, Siri Lie Olsen, Meelis Partel, William K. Petry, Satu Ramula, Pil U. Rasmussen, Simone Ravetto Enri, Anna Roeder, Christiane Roscher, Marjo Saastamoinen, Ayco J. M. Tack, Joachim Paul Topper, Gregory E. Vose, Elizabeth M. Wandrag, Astrid Wingler, Yvonne M. Buckley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

When plants establish outside their native range, their ability to adapt to the new environment is influenced by both demography and dispersal. However, the relative importance of these two factors is poorly understood. To quantify the influence of demography and dispersal on patterns of genetic diversity underlying adaptation, we used data from a globally distributed demographic research network comprising 35 native and 18 nonnative populations of Plantago lanceolata. Species-specific simulation experiments showed that dispersal would dilute demographic influences on genetic diversity at local scales. Populations in the native European range had strong spatial genetic structure associated with geographic distance and precipitation seasonality. In contrast, nonnative populations had weaker spatial genetic structure that was not associated with environmental gradients but with higher within-population genetic diversity. Our findings show that dispersal caused by repeated, long-distance, human-mediated introductions has allowed invasive plant populations to overcome environmental constraints on genetic diversity, even without strong demographic changes. The impact of invasive plants may, therefore, increase with repeated introductions, highlighting the need to constrain future introductions of species even if they already exist in an area
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4218-4227
Number of pages10
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume117
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Feb 2020

Cite this

Smith, A. L., Hodkinson, T. R., Villellas, J., Catford, J. A., Csergo, A. M., Blomberg, S. P., ... Buckley, Y. M. (2020). Global gene flow releases invasive plants from environmental constraints on genetic diversity. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 117(8), 4218-4227. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1915848117