The present study extended Gong and Fan’s (2006) research with sojourning students’ adjustment, by investigating the effects of dispositional goal orientation (learning, performance-prove, and performance-avoid; VandeWalle, 1997), and self-efficacy in work and sociocultural competence, on two aspects of expatriates’ cross-cultural adjustment (operationalised as work adjustment and job satisfaction). Participants were 125 Western expatriate workers based in nine different Asian countries (68% male and 32% female; ranging from 24 to 62 years of age), who completed a questionnaire on expatriate adjustment. Learning goal orientation (and not performance-prove or performance-avoid goal orientation) was positively associated with work selfefficacy, work adjustment, and job satisfaction. Regression analysis of work adjustment revealed that the best predictor was age followed by work self-efficacy. A second regression analysis showed a medium effect size for sociocultural efficacy as the final predictor of job satisfaction. Three-step mediation analysis (Baron & Kenny, 1986) indicated that work self-efficacy mediated the relationship between learning goal orientation and work adjustment. Similarly, sociocultural efficacy mediated the relationship between learning goal orientation and expatriate job satisfaction.
|Title of host publication||Proceedings of 42nd Australian Psychological Society Annual Conference : Psychology Making an Impact|
|Place of Publication||Australia|
|Publisher||Australian Psychological Society Ltd|
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - 2007|
|Event||42nd APS Annual Conference - Brisbane, Australia|
Duration: 25 Sep 2007 → 29 Sep 2007
|Conference||42nd APS Annual Conference|
|Period||25/09/07 → 29/09/07|
Parker, H., & Mak, A. (2007). Goal Orientation, Self-Efficacy, and Cross-Cultural Work Adjustment among Western Expatriates in Asia. In K. Moore (Ed.), Proceedings of 42nd Australian Psychological Society Annual Conference : Psychology Making an Impact (pp. 312-316). Australia: Australian Psychological Society Ltd.