This chapter describes the tenets of achievement goal theory, including recent conceptual developments, and reviewing research that has focused on links with group-related constructs. The introduction of achievement goal theory into sport generated a wave of research into the intrapersonal and environmental influences of athlete functioning. The chapter offers applied examples and illustrations so that practitioners and coaches are able to develop best practice in facilitating group dynamics that is informed by achievement motivation research. Beyond individual differences in achievement goals, there are also a number of questions related to the influence of situational factors that remain unanswered or underexplored, in particular with respect to the nature of motivational climates. Social loafing occurs when individuals exert less effort in a team than when working alone and, when individual contributions are less identifiable, the possibility of social loafing increases. Within sport psychology, group cohesion has been identified as a major determinant of both individual and collective behavior within teams.
|Title of host publication||Group Dynamics in Exercise and Sport Psychology|
|Editors||Mark R. Beauchamp, Mark A. Eys|
|Place of Publication||United Kingdom|
|Publisher||Taylor & Francis|
|Number of pages||19|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2014|