Harmonising data on the correlates of physical activity and sedentary behaviour in young people

Methods and lessons learnt from the international Children's Accelerometry database (ICAD)

Andrew J. Atkin, Stuart J.H. Biddle, Stephanie T. Broyles, Mai Chinapaw, Ulf Ekelund, Dale W. Esliger, Bjorge H. Hansen, Susi Kriemler, Jardena J. Puder, Lauren B. Sherar, Esther M.F. van Sluijs, Greet Cardon, R. Davey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)
2 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Background: Large, heterogeneous datasets are required to enhance understanding of the multi-level influences on children's physical activity and sedentary behaviour. One route to achieving this is through the pooling and co-analysis of data from multiple studies. Where this approach is used, transparency of the methodology for data collation and harmonisation is essential to enable appropriate analysis and interpretation of the derived data. In this paper, we describe the acquisition, management and harmonisation of non-accelerometer data in a project to expand the International Children's Accelerometry Database (ICAD). Method: Following a consultation process, ICAD partners were requested to share accelerometer data and information on selected behavioural, social, environmental and health-related constructs. All data were collated into a single repository for cataloguing and harmonisation. Harmonised variables were derived iteratively, with input from the ICAD investigators and a panel of invited experts. Extensive documentation, describing the source data and harmonisation procedure, was prepared and made available through the ICAD website. Results: Work to expand ICAD has increased the number of studies with longitudinal accelerometer data, and expanded the breadth of behavioural, social and environmental characteristics that can be used as exposure variables. A set of core harmonised variables, including parent education, ethnicity, school travel mode/duration and car ownership, were derived for use by the research community. Guidance documents and facilities to enable the creation of new harmonised variables were also devised and made available to ICAD users. An expanded ICAD database was made available in May 2017. Conclusion: The project to expand ICAD further demonstrates the feasibility of pooling data on physical activity, sedentary behaviour and potential determinants from multiple studies. Key to this process is the rigorous conduct and reporting of retrospective data harmonisation, which is essential to the appropriate analysis and interpretation of derived data. These documents, made available through the ICAD website, may also serve as a guide to others undertaking similar projects.

Original languageEnglish
Article number174
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Fingerprint

Accelerometry
Databases
Exercise
Cataloging
Environmental Health
Ownership
Information Storage and Retrieval
Documentation
Longitudinal Studies
Meta-Analysis
Research Design
Referral and Consultation
Research Personnel

Cite this

Atkin, Andrew J. ; Biddle, Stuart J.H. ; Broyles, Stephanie T. ; Chinapaw, Mai ; Ekelund, Ulf ; Esliger, Dale W. ; Hansen, Bjorge H. ; Kriemler, Susi ; Puder, Jardena J. ; Sherar, Lauren B. ; van Sluijs, Esther M.F. ; Cardon, Greet ; Davey, R. / Harmonising data on the correlates of physical activity and sedentary behaviour in young people : Methods and lessons learnt from the international Children's Accelerometry database (ICAD). In: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity. 2017 ; Vol. 14, No. 1. pp. 1-12.
@article{63c663b5cb194552b2bf4c57773c97d2,
title = "Harmonising data on the correlates of physical activity and sedentary behaviour in young people: Methods and lessons learnt from the international Children's Accelerometry database (ICAD)",
abstract = "Background: Large, heterogeneous datasets are required to enhance understanding of the multi-level influences on children's physical activity and sedentary behaviour. One route to achieving this is through the pooling and co-analysis of data from multiple studies. Where this approach is used, transparency of the methodology for data collation and harmonisation is essential to enable appropriate analysis and interpretation of the derived data. In this paper, we describe the acquisition, management and harmonisation of non-accelerometer data in a project to expand the International Children's Accelerometry Database (ICAD). Method: Following a consultation process, ICAD partners were requested to share accelerometer data and information on selected behavioural, social, environmental and health-related constructs. All data were collated into a single repository for cataloguing and harmonisation. Harmonised variables were derived iteratively, with input from the ICAD investigators and a panel of invited experts. Extensive documentation, describing the source data and harmonisation procedure, was prepared and made available through the ICAD website. Results: Work to expand ICAD has increased the number of studies with longitudinal accelerometer data, and expanded the breadth of behavioural, social and environmental characteristics that can be used as exposure variables. A set of core harmonised variables, including parent education, ethnicity, school travel mode/duration and car ownership, were derived for use by the research community. Guidance documents and facilities to enable the creation of new harmonised variables were also devised and made available to ICAD users. An expanded ICAD database was made available in May 2017. Conclusion: The project to expand ICAD further demonstrates the feasibility of pooling data on physical activity, sedentary behaviour and potential determinants from multiple studies. Key to this process is the rigorous conduct and reporting of retrospective data harmonisation, which is essential to the appropriate analysis and interpretation of derived data. These documents, made available through the ICAD website, may also serve as a guide to others undertaking similar projects.",
keywords = "Adolescents, Children, Data pooling, ICAD, Physical activity, Retrospective harmonisation, Sedentary behaviour, Humans, Child, Preschool, Male, Social Environment, Health Behavior, Socioeconomic Factors, Feasibility Studies, Learning, Exercise, Adolescent, Female, Retrospective Studies, Child, Longitudinal Studies, Accelerometry, Databases, Factual, Sedentary Behavior",
author = "Atkin, {Andrew J.} and Biddle, {Stuart J.H.} and Broyles, {Stephanie T.} and Mai Chinapaw and Ulf Ekelund and Esliger, {Dale W.} and Hansen, {Bjorge H.} and Susi Kriemler and Puder, {Jardena J.} and Sherar, {Lauren B.} and {van Sluijs}, {Esther M.F.} and Greet Cardon and R. Davey",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.1186/s12966-017-0631-7",
language = "English",
volume = "14",
pages = "1--12",
journal = "The International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity",
issn = "1479-5868",
publisher = "BioMed Central",
number = "1",

}

Harmonising data on the correlates of physical activity and sedentary behaviour in young people : Methods and lessons learnt from the international Children's Accelerometry database (ICAD). / Atkin, Andrew J.; Biddle, Stuart J.H.; Broyles, Stephanie T.; Chinapaw, Mai; Ekelund, Ulf; Esliger, Dale W.; Hansen, Bjorge H.; Kriemler, Susi; Puder, Jardena J.; Sherar, Lauren B.; van Sluijs, Esther M.F.; Cardon, Greet; Davey, R.

In: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, Vol. 14, No. 1, 174, 2017, p. 1-12.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Harmonising data on the correlates of physical activity and sedentary behaviour in young people

T2 - Methods and lessons learnt from the international Children's Accelerometry database (ICAD)

AU - Atkin, Andrew J.

AU - Biddle, Stuart J.H.

AU - Broyles, Stephanie T.

AU - Chinapaw, Mai

AU - Ekelund, Ulf

AU - Esliger, Dale W.

AU - Hansen, Bjorge H.

AU - Kriemler, Susi

AU - Puder, Jardena J.

AU - Sherar, Lauren B.

AU - van Sluijs, Esther M.F.

AU - Cardon, Greet

AU - Davey, R.

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - Background: Large, heterogeneous datasets are required to enhance understanding of the multi-level influences on children's physical activity and sedentary behaviour. One route to achieving this is through the pooling and co-analysis of data from multiple studies. Where this approach is used, transparency of the methodology for data collation and harmonisation is essential to enable appropriate analysis and interpretation of the derived data. In this paper, we describe the acquisition, management and harmonisation of non-accelerometer data in a project to expand the International Children's Accelerometry Database (ICAD). Method: Following a consultation process, ICAD partners were requested to share accelerometer data and information on selected behavioural, social, environmental and health-related constructs. All data were collated into a single repository for cataloguing and harmonisation. Harmonised variables were derived iteratively, with input from the ICAD investigators and a panel of invited experts. Extensive documentation, describing the source data and harmonisation procedure, was prepared and made available through the ICAD website. Results: Work to expand ICAD has increased the number of studies with longitudinal accelerometer data, and expanded the breadth of behavioural, social and environmental characteristics that can be used as exposure variables. A set of core harmonised variables, including parent education, ethnicity, school travel mode/duration and car ownership, were derived for use by the research community. Guidance documents and facilities to enable the creation of new harmonised variables were also devised and made available to ICAD users. An expanded ICAD database was made available in May 2017. Conclusion: The project to expand ICAD further demonstrates the feasibility of pooling data on physical activity, sedentary behaviour and potential determinants from multiple studies. Key to this process is the rigorous conduct and reporting of retrospective data harmonisation, which is essential to the appropriate analysis and interpretation of derived data. These documents, made available through the ICAD website, may also serve as a guide to others undertaking similar projects.

AB - Background: Large, heterogeneous datasets are required to enhance understanding of the multi-level influences on children's physical activity and sedentary behaviour. One route to achieving this is through the pooling and co-analysis of data from multiple studies. Where this approach is used, transparency of the methodology for data collation and harmonisation is essential to enable appropriate analysis and interpretation of the derived data. In this paper, we describe the acquisition, management and harmonisation of non-accelerometer data in a project to expand the International Children's Accelerometry Database (ICAD). Method: Following a consultation process, ICAD partners were requested to share accelerometer data and information on selected behavioural, social, environmental and health-related constructs. All data were collated into a single repository for cataloguing and harmonisation. Harmonised variables were derived iteratively, with input from the ICAD investigators and a panel of invited experts. Extensive documentation, describing the source data and harmonisation procedure, was prepared and made available through the ICAD website. Results: Work to expand ICAD has increased the number of studies with longitudinal accelerometer data, and expanded the breadth of behavioural, social and environmental characteristics that can be used as exposure variables. A set of core harmonised variables, including parent education, ethnicity, school travel mode/duration and car ownership, were derived for use by the research community. Guidance documents and facilities to enable the creation of new harmonised variables were also devised and made available to ICAD users. An expanded ICAD database was made available in May 2017. Conclusion: The project to expand ICAD further demonstrates the feasibility of pooling data on physical activity, sedentary behaviour and potential determinants from multiple studies. Key to this process is the rigorous conduct and reporting of retrospective data harmonisation, which is essential to the appropriate analysis and interpretation of derived data. These documents, made available through the ICAD website, may also serve as a guide to others undertaking similar projects.

KW - Adolescents

KW - Children

KW - Data pooling

KW - ICAD

KW - Physical activity

KW - Retrospective harmonisation

KW - Sedentary behaviour

KW - Humans

KW - Child, Preschool

KW - Male

KW - Social Environment

KW - Health Behavior

KW - Socioeconomic Factors

KW - Feasibility Studies

KW - Learning

KW - Exercise

KW - Adolescent

KW - Female

KW - Retrospective Studies

KW - Child

KW - Longitudinal Studies

KW - Accelerometry

KW - Databases, Factual

KW - Sedentary Behavior

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85038626012&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.mendeley.com/research/harmonising-data-correlates-physical-activity-sedentary-behaviour-young-people-methods-lessons-learn-1

U2 - 10.1186/s12966-017-0631-7

DO - 10.1186/s12966-017-0631-7

M3 - Article

VL - 14

SP - 1

EP - 12

JO - The International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity

JF - The International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity

SN - 1479-5868

IS - 1

M1 - 174

ER -