Has the COVID-19 pandemic lockdown worsened eating disorders symptoms among patients with eating disorders? A systematic review

Yunqi Gao, Nasser Bagheri, Luis Furuya-Kanamori

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    32 Citations (Scopus)
    50 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    Objective: During the coronavirus pandemic lockdowns, general medical complications have received the most attention, and few studies have examined the association between the COVID-19 lockdown and eating disorders (ED). This study aimed to investigate the impact of the coronavirus lockdowns on ED symptoms severity and summarize factors associated with lockdowns that led to changes in eating disorders. Method: PubMed, Scopus, and Cochrane Library databases were searched for studies measuring the impact of coronavirus lockdowns on ED symptoms. Results: A total of 132 studies were retrieved, after abstract screening and removal of duplicates, 21 papers were full-text screened, and 11 eligible papers were identified. Factors associated with symptomatic deterioration in ED patients during COVID-19 lockdowns included disruption of lifestyle routine, social isolation, reduced access to usual support networks, limited or no access to healthcare and mental care services, and social anxiety. Discussion: Overall, the pandemic lockdowns were associated with worsening of eating disorders. This triggering environment can lead to increased anxiety and depression symptoms, change in dietary habits, and eventually result in worsening eating disorder symptoms.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)2743-2752
    Number of pages10
    JournalZeitschrift fur Gesundheitswissenschaften
    Volume30
    Issue number11
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Nov 2022

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