Hegemonies, Politics, and the Brazilian Academy in Social and Environmental Accounting: A Post-Structural Note

Barbara Voss, David CARTER, Bruno Meirelles Salotti

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Abstract

We present a critical literature review debating Brazilian research on social and environmental accounting (SEA). The aim of this study is to understand the role of politics in the construction of hegemonies in SEA research in Brazil. In particular, we examine the role of hegemony in relation to the co-option of SEA literature and sustainability in the Brazilian context by the logic of development for economic growth in emerging economies. The methodological approach adopts a post-structural perspective that reflects Laclau and Mouffe’s discourse theory. The study employs a hermeneutical, rhetorical approach to understand and classify 352 Brazilian research articles on SEA. We employ Brown and Fraser’s (2006) categorizations of SEA literature to help in our analysis: the business case, the stakeholder–accountability approach, and the critical case. We argue that the business case is prominent in Brazilian studies. Second-stage analysis suggests that the major themes under discussion include measurement, consulting, and descriptive approach. We argue that these themes illustrate the degree of influence of the hegemonic politics relevant to emerging economics, as these themes predominantly concern economic growth and a capitalist context. This paper discusses trends and practices in the Brazilian literature on SEA and argues that the focus means that SEA avoids critical debates of the role of capitalist logics in an emerging economy concerning sustainability. We urge the Brazilian academy to understand the implications of its reifying agenda and engage, counter-hegemonically, in a social and political agenda beyond the hegemonic support of a particular set of capitalist interests.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvances in Environmental Accounting & Management
Subtitle of host publicationSocial and Environmental Accounting in Brazil
EditorsAtaur Belal, Stuart Cooper
Place of PublicationUnited Kingdom
PublisherEmerald Publishing Limited
Pages13-68
Number of pages56
Volume6
ISBN (Electronic)9781786353757
ISBN (Print)9781786353764
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Publication series

NameAdvances in Environmental Accounting and Management
PublisherEmerald Group Publishing Ltd.
ISSN (Print)1479-3598

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Voss, B., CARTER, D., & Salotti, B. M. (2017). Hegemonies, Politics, and the Brazilian Academy in Social and Environmental Accounting: A Post-Structural Note. In A. Belal, & S. Cooper (Eds.), Advances in Environmental Accounting & Management: Social and Environmental Accounting in Brazil (Vol. 6, pp. 13-68). (Advances in Environmental Accounting and Management). United Kingdom : Emerald Publishing Limited . https://doi.org/10.1108/S1479-359820160000006001