Heterogeneous urban exposures and prevalent hypertension in the helsinki capital region, Finland

Enembe O. Okokon, Tarja Yli-Tuomi, Taina Siponen, Pekka Tiittanen, Anu W. Turunen, Leena Kangas, Ari Karppinen, Jaakko Kukkonen, Timo Lanki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Urban dwellers are simultaneously exposed to several environmental health risk factors. This study aimed to examine the relationship between long-term exposure to fine particulate matter (PM2.5, diameter < 2.5 µm) of residential-wood-burning and road-traffic origin, road-traffic noise, green space around participants’ homes, and hypertension. In 2015 and 2016, we conducted a survey of residents of the Helsinki Capital Region to determine their perceptions of environmental quality and safety, lifestyles, and health statuses. Recent antihypertensive medication was used as an indicator of current hypertensive illness. Individual-level exposure was estimated by linking residential coordinates with modelled outdoor levels of wood-smoke-and traffic-related PM2.5, road-traffic noise, and coverage of natural spaces. Relationships between exposure and hypertension were modelled using multi-exposure and single-exposure binary logistic regression while taking smooth functions into account. Twenty-eight percent of the participants were current users of antihypertensive medication. The odds ratios (95% confidence interval) for antihypertensive use were 1.12 (0.78–1.57); 0.97 (0.76–1.26); 0.98 (0.93–1.04) and 0.99 (0.94–1.04) for wood-smoke PM2.5, roadtraffic PM2.5, road-traffic noise, and coverage of green space, respectively. We found no evidence of an effect of the investigated urban exposures on prevalent hypertension in the Helsinki Capital Region.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1196
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2021
Externally publishedYes


Dive into the research topics of 'Heterogeneous urban exposures and prevalent hypertension in the helsinki capital region, Finland'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this