Hope and caution

rewilding to mitigate the impacts of biological invasions

Tristan T. Derham, Richard P. Duncan, Christopher N. Johnson, Menna E. Jones

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

3 Citations (Scopus)
1 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Rewilding is a novel approach to ecological restoration. Trophic rewilding in particular aims to reinstate ecological functions, especially trophic interactions, through the introduction of animals. We consider the potential for trophic rewilding to address biological invasions. In this broad review, we note some of the important conceptual and ethical foundations of rewilding, including a focus on ecosystem function rather than composition, reliance on animal agency, and an appeal to an ethic of coexistence. Second, we use theory from invasion biology to highlight pathways by which rewilding might prevent or mitigate the impacts of an invasion, including increasing biotic resistance. Third, we use a series of case studies to illustrate how reintroductions can mitigate the impacts of invasions. These include reintroductions and positive management of carnivores and herbivores including European pine martens (Martes martes), Eurasian otters (Lutra lutra), dingoes (Canis dingo), Tasmanian devils (Sarcophilus harrisii) and tule elk (Cervus canadensis nannodes). Fourth, we consider the risk that rewilding may enable a biological invasion or aggravate its impacts. Lastly, we highlight lessons that rewilding science might take from invasion biology.This article is part of the theme issue 'Trophic rewilding: consequences for ecosystems under global change'.

Original languageEnglish
Article number20180127
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalPhilosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences
Volume373
Issue number1761
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Oct 2018

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Hope
Otters
dingoes
Mustelidae
Ecosystems
Animals
Martes martes
Cervus elaphus canadensis
Lutra lutra
Biological Sciences
Martes
Ecosystem
ecosystems
ecological restoration
elks
ecological function
ethics
global change
carnivores
Restoration

Cite this

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abstract = "Rewilding is a novel approach to ecological restoration. Trophic rewilding in particular aims to reinstate ecological functions, especially trophic interactions, through the introduction of animals. We consider the potential for trophic rewilding to address biological invasions. In this broad review, we note some of the important conceptual and ethical foundations of rewilding, including a focus on ecosystem function rather than composition, reliance on animal agency, and an appeal to an ethic of coexistence. Second, we use theory from invasion biology to highlight pathways by which rewilding might prevent or mitigate the impacts of an invasion, including increasing biotic resistance. Third, we use a series of case studies to illustrate how reintroductions can mitigate the impacts of invasions. These include reintroductions and positive management of carnivores and herbivores including European pine martens (Martes martes), Eurasian otters (Lutra lutra), dingoes (Canis dingo), Tasmanian devils (Sarcophilus harrisii) and tule elk (Cervus canadensis nannodes). Fourth, we consider the risk that rewilding may enable a biological invasion or aggravate its impacts. Lastly, we highlight lessons that rewilding science might take from invasion biology.This article is part of the theme issue 'Trophic rewilding: consequences for ecosystems under global change'.",
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Hope and caution : rewilding to mitigate the impacts of biological invasions. / Derham, Tristan T.; Duncan, Richard P.; Johnson, Christopher N.; Jones, Menna E.

In: Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences, Vol. 373, No. 1761, 20180127, 22.10.2018, p. 1-9.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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T1 - Hope and caution

T2 - rewilding to mitigate the impacts of biological invasions

AU - Derham, Tristan T.

AU - Duncan, Richard P.

AU - Johnson, Christopher N.

AU - Jones, Menna E.

N1 - © 2018 The Author(s).

PY - 2018/10/22

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KW - coexistence

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KW - Animals

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KW - Conservation of Natural Resources

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KW - Mammals/physiology

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U2 - 10.1098/rstb.2018.0127

DO - 10.1098/rstb.2018.0127

M3 - Review article

VL - 373

SP - 1

EP - 9

JO - Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences

JF - Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences

SN - 0962-8436

IS - 1761

M1 - 20180127

ER -