Housing Gaps Between Rural–Urban Migrants and Local Urban Residents: The Case of Vietnam

Hai Anh LA, Thi Bich Tran, Uyen Nguyen

Research output: A Conference proceeding or a Chapter in BookChapter

Abstract

This chapter examines the gaps in homeownership and housing conditions between rural-to-urban migrants and local urban residents using the 2013 Vietnam Rural-Urban Migration Survey and the 2012 Vietnam Household Living
Standards Survey. It employs probit and OLS regression models and applies Oaxaca decomposition technique to delineate the demographic and socio-economic characteristics that shape migrant-local housing inequality. The results
reveal that migrants are significantly less likely to be homeowners than local residents and that their living conditions are not as good as those of the residents, even after controlling household characteristics. Our results further reveal that 45 per cent of the homeownership gap and housing condition gap are attributed to the difference in family characteristics. The remaining differences between the two groups are attributable to unexplained factors such as differences in the ability to access formal credit, commitment to establishing residence upon arrival, choice and preferences, inheritance, parental financial support and accumulated wealth etc. As a robust check we also decompose the two gaps between migrants with KT1 ho khau and those with rural ho khau. The results suggest that restrictions imposed by the Ho Khau system may have a role to play.
LanguageEnglish
Title of host publicationRural-Urban Migration in Vietnam
Place of PublicationSwitzerland
PublisherSpringer
Chapter9
Pages211-243
Number of pages33
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-319-94574-3
ISBN (Print)978-3-319-94573-6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Publication series

NamePopulation Economics
PublisherSpringer
ISSN (Print)1431-6978

Fingerprint

Vietnam
migrant
housing
resident
housing conditions
rural-urban migration
homeowner
household survey
living conditions
credit
commitment
regression
ability
economics
Group

Cite this

LA, H. A., Tran, T. B., & Nguyen, U. (2019). Housing Gaps Between Rural–Urban Migrants and Local Urban Residents: The Case of Vietnam. In Rural-Urban Migration in Vietnam (pp. 211-243). (Population Economics). Switzerland : Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-94574-3_9
LA, Hai Anh ; Tran, Thi Bich ; Nguyen, Uyen. / Housing Gaps Between Rural–Urban Migrants and Local Urban Residents: The Case of Vietnam. Rural-Urban Migration in Vietnam. Switzerland : Springer, 2019. pp. 211-243 (Population Economics).
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LA, HA, Tran, TB & Nguyen, U 2019, Housing Gaps Between Rural–Urban Migrants and Local Urban Residents: The Case of Vietnam. in Rural-Urban Migration in Vietnam. Population Economics, Springer, Switzerland , pp. 211-243. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-94574-3_9

Housing Gaps Between Rural–Urban Migrants and Local Urban Residents: The Case of Vietnam. / LA, Hai Anh; Tran, Thi Bich; Nguyen, Uyen.

Rural-Urban Migration in Vietnam. Switzerland : Springer, 2019. p. 211-243 (Population Economics).

Research output: A Conference proceeding or a Chapter in BookChapter

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N2 - This chapter examines the gaps in homeownership and housing conditions between rural-to-urban migrants and local urban residents using the 2013 Vietnam Rural-Urban Migration Survey and the 2012 Vietnam Household LivingStandards Survey. It employs probit and OLS regression models and applies Oaxaca decomposition technique to delineate the demographic and socio-economic characteristics that shape migrant-local housing inequality. The resultsreveal that migrants are significantly less likely to be homeowners than local residents and that their living conditions are not as good as those of the residents, even after controlling household characteristics. Our results further reveal that 45 per cent of the homeownership gap and housing condition gap are attributed to the difference in family characteristics. The remaining differences between the two groups are attributable to unexplained factors such as differences in the ability to access formal credit, commitment to establishing residence upon arrival, choice and preferences, inheritance, parental financial support and accumulated wealth etc. As a robust check we also decompose the two gaps between migrants with KT1 ho khau and those with rural ho khau. The results suggest that restrictions imposed by the Ho Khau system may have a role to play.

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LA HA, Tran TB, Nguyen U. Housing Gaps Between Rural–Urban Migrants and Local Urban Residents: The Case of Vietnam. In Rural-Urban Migration in Vietnam. Switzerland : Springer. 2019. p. 211-243. (Population Economics). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-94574-3_9