How can geographical information systems and spatial analysis inform a response to prescription opioid misuse? A discussion in the context of existing literature

Soumya MAZUMDAR, Ian McRae, M Islam

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    8 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The misuse of prescription opioids is a major public health problem in the United States, Canada, Australia and other parts of the developed world. Methods to quantify dimensions of the risk environment in relation to drug usage and law enforcement that are both structural and spatial, draw geography into traditional public health research even though there has been limited attempt to address the prescription opioid misuse problem from a geographic perspective. We discuss how geographic technologies can be utilized to study the landscape of prescription opioids and similar drugs, and target appropriate health services interventions. We use examples drawn from various jurisdictions to present our case and highlight through these examples how a geospatial perspective can help support research on prescription opioid misuse. The prescription drug misuse landscape can be studied through examination of the domains of demand, supply, harms and harm reduction. We discuss how each of these domains can benefit from a local geographic perspective, and subsequent geographic exploration and analyses.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)104-110
    Number of pages7
    JournalCurrent Drug Abuse Reviews
    Volume8
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2015

    Fingerprint

    Geographic Information Systems
    Spatial Analysis
    Systems Analysis
    Opioid Analgesics
    Prescriptions
    Prescription Drug Misuse
    Public Health
    Drug Legislation
    Harm Reduction
    Law Enforcement
    Geography
    Research
    Health Services
    Canada
    Technology
    Pharmaceutical Preparations

    Cite this

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    abstract = "The misuse of prescription opioids is a major public health problem in the United States, Canada, Australia and other parts of the developed world. Methods to quantify dimensions of the risk environment in relation to drug usage and law enforcement that are both structural and spatial, draw geography into traditional public health research even though there has been limited attempt to address the prescription opioid misuse problem from a geographic perspective. We discuss how geographic technologies can be utilized to study the landscape of prescription opioids and similar drugs, and target appropriate health services interventions. We use examples drawn from various jurisdictions to present our case and highlight through these examples how a geospatial perspective can help support research on prescription opioid misuse. The prescription drug misuse landscape can be studied through examination of the domains of demand, supply, harms and harm reduction. We discuss how each of these domains can benefit from a local geographic perspective, and subsequent geographic exploration and analyses.",
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    How can geographical information systems and spatial analysis inform a response to prescription opioid misuse? A discussion in the context of existing literature. / MAZUMDAR, Soumya; McRae, Ian; Islam, M.

    In: Current Drug Abuse Reviews, Vol. 8, No. 2, 2015, p. 104-110.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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