How do different aspects of biodiversity change through time? A case study on an Australian bird community

J Yen, J Thompson, J Keith, David Paganin, Ralph MAC NALLY

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    3 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The study of ecological communities through time can reveal fundamental ecological processes and is key to understanding how natural and human pressures will affect biodiversity. Most studies of ecological communities through time consider only one or a few summary measures (e.g. species richness, total abundance), which might neglect important aspects of community structure or function. We studied temporal variation in several measures of species diversity, size diversity, and species composition in an intensively sampled bird community to determine whether different biodiversity measures change synchronously. We used a novel function regression model, which supports the study of diversity measures that are distributions (e.g. species abundance distributions) alongside measures that are scalar values (e.g. species richness). Most diversity measures changed predictably within years, but inter-annual changes in size diversity and species composition were not reflected in species diversity. Within and among years, there was considerable variation in distributional measures that was not captured in scalar measures. Predictable variation within years probably was related to seasonal variation in weather patterns or food availability, but variation in size diversity among years probably resulted from stochastic changes in species composition. These results suggest that species and size diversity may be decoupled, and that inferences on scalar diversity measures might not reflect fundamental changes to community structure or function. Our method supports the inclusion of size-based measures and distributional measures in ecological analyses, and broader uptake of our approach is likely to provide new insight into the processes structuring ecological communities, and inform the links between structure and function in ecological communities.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)642-650
    Number of pages9
    JournalEcography
    Volume40
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - May 2017

    Fingerprint

    biodiversity
    case studies
    bird
    species diversity
    birds
    community structure
    species richness
    food availability
    ecological function
    temporal variation
    seasonal variation
    weather
    ecological community
    biogeography
    distribution
    methodology

    Cite this

    Yen, J ; Thompson, J ; Keith, J ; Paganin, David ; MAC NALLY, Ralph. / How do different aspects of biodiversity change through time? A case study on an Australian bird community. In: Ecography. 2017 ; Vol. 40, No. 5. pp. 642-650.
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    abstract = "The study of ecological communities through time can reveal fundamental ecological processes and is key to understanding how natural and human pressures will affect biodiversity. Most studies of ecological communities through time consider only one or a few summary measures (e.g. species richness, total abundance), which might neglect important aspects of community structure or function. We studied temporal variation in several measures of species diversity, size diversity, and species composition in an intensively sampled bird community to determine whether different biodiversity measures change synchronously. We used a novel function regression model, which supports the study of diversity measures that are distributions (e.g. species abundance distributions) alongside measures that are scalar values (e.g. species richness). Most diversity measures changed predictably within years, but inter-annual changes in size diversity and species composition were not reflected in species diversity. Within and among years, there was considerable variation in distributional measures that was not captured in scalar measures. Predictable variation within years probably was related to seasonal variation in weather patterns or food availability, but variation in size diversity among years probably resulted from stochastic changes in species composition. These results suggest that species and size diversity may be decoupled, and that inferences on scalar diversity measures might not reflect fundamental changes to community structure or function. Our method supports the inclusion of size-based measures and distributional measures in ecological analyses, and broader uptake of our approach is likely to provide new insight into the processes structuring ecological communities, and inform the links between structure and function in ecological communities.",
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    How do different aspects of biodiversity change through time? A case study on an Australian bird community. / Yen, J; Thompson, J; Keith, J; Paganin, David; MAC NALLY, Ralph.

    In: Ecography, Vol. 40, No. 5, 05.2017, p. 642-650.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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