How terrestrial management concepts have led to unrealistic expectations of marine protected areas

Robert Kearney, G. Farebrother, C. D. Buxton, P. Goodsell

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    10 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Terrestrial reserves and national parks have taken many forms and they continue to be directed toward variable and often imprecisely defined outcomes. A prominent contemporary focus is to pursue the continuance of biodiversity. To this aim the concept of protecting comprehensive, effectively managed and representative areas from overt development, such as urban sprawl and agriculture, has been globally adopted. Within Australia ‘effectively managed’, has been replaced by ‘adequate’, a poorly defined term which is interpreted optimistically and combined with ‘comprehensive’ and ‘representative’ to create the CAR principle. This principle was first developed within the Australian forestry sector to guide management in addressing a very specific threat to a clearly identified component of biodiversity in limited and well defined areas; the preservation of declining stands of some tree species within limited old growth forests. Eventhough the CAR principle is central to Australia’s process of developing a network of marine protected areas (MPAs) its relevance to marine systems has not been demonstrated. Its efficacy for the conservation of marine environments is questioned. The uncritical transposition of terrestrial management paradigms, including the CAR principle, to the marine realm has misled marine management. It is argued that disproportionate commitment to terrestrial principles, including CAR, and unjustified advocacy for MPAs generally have biased public perception and management efforts to the detriment of effective marine conservation and sustainable use of marine resources.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)304-311
    Number of pages8
    JournalMarine Policy
    Volume38
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2013

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    protected area
    conservation areas
    management
    biodiversity
    conservation
    urban agriculture
    advocacy
    marine resources
    urban sprawl
    marine resource
    old-growth forest
    old-growth forests
    national park
    urbanization
    forestry
    marine environment
    national parks
    agriculture
    commitment
    threat

    Cite this

    Kearney, Robert ; Farebrother, G. ; Buxton, C. D. ; Goodsell, P. / How terrestrial management concepts have led to unrealistic expectations of marine protected areas. In: Marine Policy. 2013 ; Vol. 38. pp. 304-311.
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    How terrestrial management concepts have led to unrealistic expectations of marine protected areas. / Kearney, Robert; Farebrother, G.; Buxton, C. D. ; Goodsell, P.

    In: Marine Policy, Vol. 38, 2013, p. 304-311.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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