Human norovirus: Experimental models of infection

Kyle V. Todd, Ralph A. Tripp

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)
26 Downloads (Pure)


Human noroviruses (HuNoVs) are a leading cause of acute gastroenteritis worldwide. HuNoV infections lead to substantial societal and economic burdens. There are currently no licensed vaccines or therapeutics for the prevention or treatment of HuNoVs. A lack of well-characterized in vitro and in vivo infection models has limited the development of HuNoV countermeasures. Experimental infection of human volunteers and the use of related viruses such as murine NoV have provided helpful insights into HuNoV biology and vaccine and therapeutic development. There remains a need for robust animal models and reverse genetic systems to further HuNoV research. This review summarizes available HuNoV animal models and reverse genetic systems, while providing insight into their usefulness for vaccine and therapeutic development.

Original languageEnglish
Article number151
Pages (from-to)1-15
Number of pages15
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2019
Externally publishedYes


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