Immigration and labour market outcomes in Australia: Findings from HILDA 2001–2014

Hang To, R. Quentin Grafton, Sue Regan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Using panel data for the period 2001–2014 from the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) Survey, hourly wage equations and probit models of the probability of being employed were estimated. Results show that English-language proficiency, education qualifications and work experience are important positive determinants of both individual wage and of the likelihood of having a paid job. By comparison to many previous studies that find either a negative or no wage gap for migrants, we find that male migrants from OECD and English-speaking countries earn a higher hourly wage than male native-born Australians and female migrants from these countries earn a similar wage as female native-born Australians. Without controlling for the education level, migrants from non-OECD and non-English speaking countries earn a similar wage compared to native born Australians. Controlling for their education level, migrants from non-OECD and non-English speaking countries earn less than native-born Australian workers, but this wage gap diminishes with their length of residency in Australia. We also find that there is no difference between male migrants and male native-born Australians in terms of the likelihood of being employed, but we do find that female migrants are more likely to be unemployed compared to female native-born Australians.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalEconomic Analysis and Policy
Volume55
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2017

Fingerprint

Migrants
Labor market outcomes
Immigration
Labor
Household income
Wages
Education
Wage gap
Panel data
Probit model
Wage equation
Workers
Qualification
Work experience

Cite this

To, Hang ; Grafton, R. Quentin ; Regan, Sue. / Immigration and labour market outcomes in Australia: Findings from HILDA 2001–2014. In: Economic Analysis and Policy. 2017 ; Vol. 55. pp. 1-13.
@article{ad2359af923747ed8310e93516130326,
title = "Immigration and labour market outcomes in Australia: Findings from HILDA 2001–2014",
abstract = "Using panel data for the period 2001–2014 from the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) Survey, hourly wage equations and probit models of the probability of being employed were estimated. Results show that English-language proficiency, education qualifications and work experience are important positive determinants of both individual wage and of the likelihood of having a paid job. By comparison to many previous studies that find either a negative or no wage gap for migrants, we find that male migrants from OECD and English-speaking countries earn a higher hourly wage than male native-born Australians and female migrants from these countries earn a similar wage as female native-born Australians. Without controlling for the education level, migrants from non-OECD and non-English speaking countries earn a similar wage compared to native born Australians. Controlling for their education level, migrants from non-OECD and non-English speaking countries earn less than native-born Australian workers, but this wage gap diminishes with their length of residency in Australia. We also find that there is no difference between male migrants and male native-born Australians in terms of the likelihood of being employed, but we do find that female migrants are more likely to be unemployed compared to female native-born Australians.",
keywords = "Wage gaps, Wage equations, Migrants, Employment, Education, OECD",
author = "Hang To and Grafton, {R. Quentin} and Sue Regan",
year = "2017",
month = "9",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.eap.2017.03.006",
language = "English",
volume = "55",
pages = "1--13",
journal = "Economic Analysis and Policy",
issn = "0313-5926",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",

}

Immigration and labour market outcomes in Australia: Findings from HILDA 2001–2014. / To, Hang; Grafton, R. Quentin; Regan, Sue.

In: Economic Analysis and Policy, Vol. 55, 01.09.2017, p. 1-13.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Immigration and labour market outcomes in Australia: Findings from HILDA 2001–2014

AU - To, Hang

AU - Grafton, R. Quentin

AU - Regan, Sue

PY - 2017/9/1

Y1 - 2017/9/1

N2 - Using panel data for the period 2001–2014 from the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) Survey, hourly wage equations and probit models of the probability of being employed were estimated. Results show that English-language proficiency, education qualifications and work experience are important positive determinants of both individual wage and of the likelihood of having a paid job. By comparison to many previous studies that find either a negative or no wage gap for migrants, we find that male migrants from OECD and English-speaking countries earn a higher hourly wage than male native-born Australians and female migrants from these countries earn a similar wage as female native-born Australians. Without controlling for the education level, migrants from non-OECD and non-English speaking countries earn a similar wage compared to native born Australians. Controlling for their education level, migrants from non-OECD and non-English speaking countries earn less than native-born Australian workers, but this wage gap diminishes with their length of residency in Australia. We also find that there is no difference between male migrants and male native-born Australians in terms of the likelihood of being employed, but we do find that female migrants are more likely to be unemployed compared to female native-born Australians.

AB - Using panel data for the period 2001–2014 from the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) Survey, hourly wage equations and probit models of the probability of being employed were estimated. Results show that English-language proficiency, education qualifications and work experience are important positive determinants of both individual wage and of the likelihood of having a paid job. By comparison to many previous studies that find either a negative or no wage gap for migrants, we find that male migrants from OECD and English-speaking countries earn a higher hourly wage than male native-born Australians and female migrants from these countries earn a similar wage as female native-born Australians. Without controlling for the education level, migrants from non-OECD and non-English speaking countries earn a similar wage compared to native born Australians. Controlling for their education level, migrants from non-OECD and non-English speaking countries earn less than native-born Australian workers, but this wage gap diminishes with their length of residency in Australia. We also find that there is no difference between male migrants and male native-born Australians in terms of the likelihood of being employed, but we do find that female migrants are more likely to be unemployed compared to female native-born Australians.

KW - Wage gaps

KW - Wage equations

KW - Migrants

KW - Employment

KW - Education

KW - OECD

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85017525772&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.eap.2017.03.006

DO - 10.1016/j.eap.2017.03.006

M3 - Article

VL - 55

SP - 1

EP - 13

JO - Economic Analysis and Policy

JF - Economic Analysis and Policy

SN - 0313-5926

ER -