Impact of cultural background on fundamental movement skill and its correlates

Lisa M. Barnett, Rohan M. Telford, Claudia Strugnell, James Rudd, Lisa S. Olive, Richard D. Telford

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Abstract

Children's fundamental movement skill levels (FMS) predict moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). Asian children have been reported as less active than English-Europeans, possibly due to poorer skills. This study compared the FMS of children from Culturally and Linguistically Diverse (CALD) backgrounds and examined FMS correlates. A total of 261 children (122 males) aged 9-to-11 years were divided based on language spoken at home: English-European (n = 105) and Asian (n = 156). Height, mass, FMS (Test of Gross Motor Development-2), MVPA (accelerometer) and cardio-respiratory fitness (20m multistage shuttle run) were directly measured. Sex, age, language and perceived sport competence (CY-PSPP) were self-reported. Independent sample t-tests assessed age, BMI, FMS and perception by CALD group. Linear mixed models examined FMS correlates. Asian-speaking children had lower object control skill (35.5 v 37.2; CI [0.17, 3.18]; p <0.03) compared to English-European-children, but no between-group differences in locomotor skills were observed. Fitness, physical activity and sport competence perception were positively associated with object control, yet adjusting for these variables (and age and BMI) did not remove the CALD effect (B = −2.02, SE = 0.69, p = 0.004). Cultural factors may affect object control competence in Asian-Australian children. ARTICLE HISTORY
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)492-499
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Sports Sciences
Volume37
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Mar 2019

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Mental Competency
Exercise
Sports
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Linear Models

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Barnett, Lisa M. ; Telford, Rohan M. ; Strugnell, Claudia ; Rudd, James ; Olive, Lisa S. ; Telford, Richard D. / Impact of cultural background on fundamental movement skill and its correlates. In: Journal of Sports Sciences. 2019 ; Vol. 37, No. 5. pp. 492-499.
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Impact of cultural background on fundamental movement skill and its correlates. / Barnett, Lisa M.; Telford, Rohan M.; Strugnell, Claudia; Rudd, James; Olive, Lisa S.; Telford, Richard D.

In: Journal of Sports Sciences, Vol. 37, No. 5, 04.03.2019, p. 492-499.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Barnett, Lisa M.

AU - Telford, Rohan M.

AU - Strugnell, Claudia

AU - Rudd, James

AU - Olive, Lisa S.

AU - Telford, Richard D.

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AB - Children's fundamental movement skill levels (FMS) predict moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). Asian children have been reported as less active than English-Europeans, possibly due to poorer skills. This study compared the FMS of children from Culturally and Linguistically Diverse (CALD) backgrounds and examined FMS correlates. A total of 261 children (122 males) aged 9-to-11 years were divided based on language spoken at home: English-European (n = 105) and Asian (n = 156). Height, mass, FMS (Test of Gross Motor Development-2), MVPA (accelerometer) and cardio-respiratory fitness (20m multistage shuttle run) were directly measured. Sex, age, language and perceived sport competence (CY-PSPP) were self-reported. Independent sample t-tests assessed age, BMI, FMS and perception by CALD group. Linear mixed models examined FMS correlates. Asian-speaking children had lower object control skill (35.5 v 37.2; CI [0.17, 3.18]; p <0.03) compared to English-European-children, but no between-group differences in locomotor skills were observed. Fitness, physical activity and sport competence perception were positively associated with object control, yet adjusting for these variables (and age and BMI) did not remove the CALD effect (B = −2.02, SE = 0.69, p = 0.004). Cultural factors may affect object control competence in Asian-Australian children. ARTICLE HISTORY

KW - ethnicity

KW - locomotor

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KW - physical self-perception

KW - Body Mass Index

KW - Locomotion/physiology

KW - European Continental Ancestry Group/classification

KW - Motor Skills/physiology

KW - Cardiorespiratory Fitness

KW - Body Weight

KW - Humans

KW - Exercise/physiology

KW - Male

KW - Asian Continental Ancestry Group/classification

KW - Australia/ethnology

KW - Self Concept

KW - Body Height

KW - Female

KW - Child

KW - Culture

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U2 - 10.1080/02640414.2018.1508399

DO - 10.1080/02640414.2018.1508399

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