Individuals with gluteal tendon repair display similar hip biomechanics to those of a healthy cohort during a sit-to-stand task

Joseph T. Lynch, Wayne Spratford, Diana M. Perriman, Thomas J.B. Sizeland, Sally Gilbert, Paul N. Smith, Angela M. Fearon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Gluteal-tendon repair (GTR) is reported to be effective for relieving pain and improving clinical function in patients with gluteal-tendon tears. The sit-to-stand (STS) task is an important activity of daily living and is often used to assess functional capacity in clinical populations. Understanding if and how STS performance is altered in individuals with gluteal tendon repair may be an effective marker of GTR outcomes as well as a possible therapeutic target for post-operative rehabilitation. Research question: Do biomechanical parameters during STS differ between age- and sex-matched participants with and without gluteal-tendon repair? Methods: 27 participants with a GTR and 29 healthy participants performed the STS task. Data were acquired using the three-dimensional motion capture system and forceplates. Outcomes of interest were task duration, rate of force development, trunk, pelvis, and hip joint angles, moments and powers. Differences were assessed using Generalised linear multivariate models and statistical parametric mapping. Results: GTR patients performed the STS movement significantly slower (1.4+/− 0.40 s) compared to controls (1.1+/ −0.2 s) with a significantly lower rate of force development (35.1+/− 5.7 N/kg/ms vs 30.3+/− 8.5 N/kg/ms). There were no group differences for hip, pelvis, or trunk angle over the movement cycle or for maximal or minimal values. Furthermore, there were no significant differences detected in hip joint kinetics. However, there appeared to be substantial between-subject variability indicating different patient-specific movements patterns. Significance: Individuals with a GTR performed the STS task about 20 % slower than healthy controls with a lower rate of force development. The individual variations indicate that participants likely employed different movement strategies to achieve STS. While the lack of differences between groups could suggest that GTR helps restore function and corrects the proposed underlying aetiology, it is possible that the STS task was not sufficiently challenging to discriminate between groups.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)61-66
Number of pages6
JournalGait and Posture
Volume89
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2021

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