Information warfare : methods to counter disinformation

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


The information age has transformed society by allowing people to interact digitally, yet it enables motivated actors to use mass influence to further their political objectives. The struggle against disinformation requires an appreciation of how a disinformation effect can be achieved in order to counter it. We consider the nature of disinformation and its use in the hybrid warfare domain, before examining the problem through frames of planning approach, truth theory, systems thinking, and military strategy. These approaches are informative in developing counter-strategies and we specifically identify the concept of kill chains as a useful framework to assist in the disinformation challenge.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)453-469
Number of pages17
JournalDefense and Security Analysis
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2 Sept 2022


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