Intellectual Disability (ID) is not a disease or a disability, but a syndrome grouping similar to that of dementia, characterised by a pervasive cognitive impairment occurring in the early developmental period. It includes a heterogeneous group of conditions with considerable differences in the nature, ranging from genetic to environmental factors. The prevalence rate of ID for Northern European countries is reportedly around 0.7%, but it may rise to 4% in low and middle-income countries (LAMIC) (Durkin 2002; Maulik et al. 2011; Girimaji and Srinath 2010; Jeevanandam 2009). In these regions the excess rate of ID appears to be associated to fully preventable aetiologies such as teratogens, diet deficiencies, pregnancy and birth-related conditions (Persha et al. 2007; Bertelli et al. 2009). However, the cause remains not identified in 60% of persons with ID.
|Title of host publication||Handbook Integrated Care|
|Editors||Volker Amelung, Viktoria Stein, Nicholas Goodwin, Ran Balicer, Ellen Nolte, Esther Suter|
|Place of Publication||Netherlands|
|Number of pages||20|
|Publication status||Published - 21 Jul 2017|