Integrated care for people with intellectual disability

Marco O. Bertelli, Luana Salerno, Elisa Rondini, Luis Salvador-Carulla

Research output: A Conference proceeding or a Chapter in BookChapterpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Intellectual Disability (ID) is not a disease or a disability, but a syndrome grouping similar to that of dementia, characterised by a pervasive cognitive impairment occurring in the early developmental period. It includes a heterogeneous group of conditions with considerable differences in the nature, ranging from genetic to environmental factors. The prevalence rate of ID for Northern European countries is reportedly around 0.7%, but it may rise to 4% in low and middle-income countries (LAMIC) (Durkin 2002; Maulik et al. 2011; Girimaji and Srinath 2010; Jeevanandam 2009). In these regions the excess rate of ID appears to be associated to fully preventable aetiologies such as teratogens, diet deficiencies, pregnancy and birth-related conditions (Persha et al. 2007; Bertelli et al. 2009). However, the cause remains not identified in 60% of persons with ID.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHandbook Integrated Care
EditorsVolker Amelung, Viktoria Stein, Nicholas Goodwin, Ran Balicer, Ellen Nolte, Esther Suter
Place of PublicationNetherlands
PublisherSpringer
Pages449-468
Number of pages20
ISBN (Electronic)9783319561035
ISBN (Print)9783319561011
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Jul 2017
Externally publishedYes

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