International Association of Athletics Federations Consensus Statement 2019

Nutrition for Athletics

Louise M. Burke, Linda M. Castell, Douglas J. Casa, Graeme L. Close, Ricardo J.S. Costa, Ben Desbrow, Shona L. Halson, Dana M. Lis, Anna K. Melin, Peter Peeling, Philo U. Saunders, Gary J. Slater, Jennifer Sygo, Oliver C. Witard, Stéphane Bermon, Trent Stellingwerff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The International Association of Athletics Federations recognizes the importance of nutritional practices in optimizing an Athlete's well-being and performance. Although Athletics encompasses a diverse range of track-and-field events with different performance determinants, there are common goals around nutritional support for adaptation to training, optimal performance for key events, and reducing the risk of injury and illness. Periodized guidelines can be provided for the appropriate type, amount, and timing of intake of food and fluids to promote optimal health and performance across different scenarios of training and competition. Some Athletes are at risk of relative energy deficiency in sport arising from a mismatch between energy intake and exercise energy expenditure. Competition nutrition strategies may involve pre-event, within-event, and between-event eating to address requirements for carbohydrate and fluid replacement. Although a "food first" policy should underpin an Athlete's nutrition plan, there may be occasions for the judicious use of medical supplements to address nutrient deficiencies or sports foods that help the athlete to meet nutritional goals when it is impractical to eat food. Evidence-based supplements include caffeine, bicarbonate, beta-alanine, nitrate, and creatine; however, their value is specific to the characteristics of the event. Special considerations are needed for travel, challenging environments (e.g., heat and altitude); special populations (e.g., females, young and masters athletes); and restricted dietary choice (e.g., vegetarian). Ideally, each Athlete should develop a personalized, periodized, and practical nutrition plan via collaboration with their coach and accredited sports nutrition experts, to optimize their performance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)73-84
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
Volume29
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2019

Fingerprint

Athletes
Sports
Food
Eating
Track and Field
beta-Alanine
Nutrition Policy
Nutritional Support
Creatine
Bicarbonates
Caffeine
Energy Intake
Nitrates
Energy Metabolism
Hot Temperature
Carbohydrates
Guidelines
Exercise
Health
Wounds and Injuries

Cite this

Burke, Louise M. ; Castell, Linda M. ; Casa, Douglas J. ; Close, Graeme L. ; Costa, Ricardo J.S. ; Desbrow, Ben ; Halson, Shona L. ; Lis, Dana M. ; Melin, Anna K. ; Peeling, Peter ; Saunders, Philo U. ; Slater, Gary J. ; Sygo, Jennifer ; Witard, Oliver C. ; Bermon, Stéphane ; Stellingwerff, Trent. / International Association of Athletics Federations Consensus Statement 2019 : Nutrition for Athletics. In: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism. 2019 ; Vol. 29, No. 2. pp. 73-84.
@article{0cb824206bea4777a9ccb55ad823a00a,
title = "International Association of Athletics Federations Consensus Statement 2019: Nutrition for Athletics",
abstract = "The International Association of Athletics Federations recognizes the importance of nutritional practices in optimizing an Athlete's well-being and performance. Although Athletics encompasses a diverse range of track-and-field events with different performance determinants, there are common goals around nutritional support for adaptation to training, optimal performance for key events, and reducing the risk of injury and illness. Periodized guidelines can be provided for the appropriate type, amount, and timing of intake of food and fluids to promote optimal health and performance across different scenarios of training and competition. Some Athletes are at risk of relative energy deficiency in sport arising from a mismatch between energy intake and exercise energy expenditure. Competition nutrition strategies may involve pre-event, within-event, and between-event eating to address requirements for carbohydrate and fluid replacement. Although a {"}food first{"} policy should underpin an Athlete's nutrition plan, there may be occasions for the judicious use of medical supplements to address nutrient deficiencies or sports foods that help the athlete to meet nutritional goals when it is impractical to eat food. Evidence-based supplements include caffeine, bicarbonate, beta-alanine, nitrate, and creatine; however, their value is specific to the characteristics of the event. Special considerations are needed for travel, challenging environments (e.g., heat and altitude); special populations (e.g., females, young and masters athletes); and restricted dietary choice (e.g., vegetarian). Ideally, each Athlete should develop a personalized, periodized, and practical nutrition plan via collaboration with their coach and accredited sports nutrition experts, to optimize their performance.",
keywords = "performance supplements, RED-S, track and field",
author = "Burke, {Louise M.} and Castell, {Linda M.} and Casa, {Douglas J.} and Close, {Graeme L.} and Costa, {Ricardo J.S.} and Ben Desbrow and Halson, {Shona L.} and Lis, {Dana M.} and Melin, {Anna K.} and Peter Peeling and Saunders, {Philo U.} and Slater, {Gary J.} and Jennifer Sygo and Witard, {Oliver C.} and St{\'e}phane Bermon and Trent Stellingwerff",
year = "2019",
month = "3",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1123/ijsnem.2019-0065",
language = "English",
volume = "29",
pages = "73--84",
journal = "International Journal of Sport Nutrition",
issn = "1526-484X",
publisher = "Human Kinetics Publishers Inc.",
number = "2",

}

Burke, LM, Castell, LM, Casa, DJ, Close, GL, Costa, RJS, Desbrow, B, Halson, SL, Lis, DM, Melin, AK, Peeling, P, Saunders, PU, Slater, GJ, Sygo, J, Witard, OC, Bermon, S & Stellingwerff, T 2019, 'International Association of Athletics Federations Consensus Statement 2019: Nutrition for Athletics', International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, vol. 29, no. 2, pp. 73-84. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijsnem.2019-0065

International Association of Athletics Federations Consensus Statement 2019 : Nutrition for Athletics. / Burke, Louise M.; Castell, Linda M.; Casa, Douglas J.; Close, Graeme L.; Costa, Ricardo J.S.; Desbrow, Ben; Halson, Shona L.; Lis, Dana M.; Melin, Anna K.; Peeling, Peter; Saunders, Philo U.; Slater, Gary J.; Sygo, Jennifer; Witard, Oliver C.; Bermon, Stéphane; Stellingwerff, Trent.

In: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, Vol. 29, No. 2, 01.03.2019, p. 73-84.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - International Association of Athletics Federations Consensus Statement 2019

T2 - Nutrition for Athletics

AU - Burke, Louise M.

AU - Castell, Linda M.

AU - Casa, Douglas J.

AU - Close, Graeme L.

AU - Costa, Ricardo J.S.

AU - Desbrow, Ben

AU - Halson, Shona L.

AU - Lis, Dana M.

AU - Melin, Anna K.

AU - Peeling, Peter

AU - Saunders, Philo U.

AU - Slater, Gary J.

AU - Sygo, Jennifer

AU - Witard, Oliver C.

AU - Bermon, Stéphane

AU - Stellingwerff, Trent

PY - 2019/3/1

Y1 - 2019/3/1

N2 - The International Association of Athletics Federations recognizes the importance of nutritional practices in optimizing an Athlete's well-being and performance. Although Athletics encompasses a diverse range of track-and-field events with different performance determinants, there are common goals around nutritional support for adaptation to training, optimal performance for key events, and reducing the risk of injury and illness. Periodized guidelines can be provided for the appropriate type, amount, and timing of intake of food and fluids to promote optimal health and performance across different scenarios of training and competition. Some Athletes are at risk of relative energy deficiency in sport arising from a mismatch between energy intake and exercise energy expenditure. Competition nutrition strategies may involve pre-event, within-event, and between-event eating to address requirements for carbohydrate and fluid replacement. Although a "food first" policy should underpin an Athlete's nutrition plan, there may be occasions for the judicious use of medical supplements to address nutrient deficiencies or sports foods that help the athlete to meet nutritional goals when it is impractical to eat food. Evidence-based supplements include caffeine, bicarbonate, beta-alanine, nitrate, and creatine; however, their value is specific to the characteristics of the event. Special considerations are needed for travel, challenging environments (e.g., heat and altitude); special populations (e.g., females, young and masters athletes); and restricted dietary choice (e.g., vegetarian). Ideally, each Athlete should develop a personalized, periodized, and practical nutrition plan via collaboration with their coach and accredited sports nutrition experts, to optimize their performance.

AB - The International Association of Athletics Federations recognizes the importance of nutritional practices in optimizing an Athlete's well-being and performance. Although Athletics encompasses a diverse range of track-and-field events with different performance determinants, there are common goals around nutritional support for adaptation to training, optimal performance for key events, and reducing the risk of injury and illness. Periodized guidelines can be provided for the appropriate type, amount, and timing of intake of food and fluids to promote optimal health and performance across different scenarios of training and competition. Some Athletes are at risk of relative energy deficiency in sport arising from a mismatch between energy intake and exercise energy expenditure. Competition nutrition strategies may involve pre-event, within-event, and between-event eating to address requirements for carbohydrate and fluid replacement. Although a "food first" policy should underpin an Athlete's nutrition plan, there may be occasions for the judicious use of medical supplements to address nutrient deficiencies or sports foods that help the athlete to meet nutritional goals when it is impractical to eat food. Evidence-based supplements include caffeine, bicarbonate, beta-alanine, nitrate, and creatine; however, their value is specific to the characteristics of the event. Special considerations are needed for travel, challenging environments (e.g., heat and altitude); special populations (e.g., females, young and masters athletes); and restricted dietary choice (e.g., vegetarian). Ideally, each Athlete should develop a personalized, periodized, and practical nutrition plan via collaboration with their coach and accredited sports nutrition experts, to optimize their performance.

KW - performance supplements

KW - RED-S

KW - track and field

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85064997056&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.mendeley.com/research/international-association-athletics-federations-consensus-statement-2019-nutrition-athletics

U2 - 10.1123/ijsnem.2019-0065

DO - 10.1123/ijsnem.2019-0065

M3 - Article

VL - 29

SP - 73

EP - 84

JO - International Journal of Sport Nutrition

JF - International Journal of Sport Nutrition

SN - 1526-484X

IS - 2

ER -