International News Agencies, News-flow and the USA-Australia Relationship from the 1920s till end of the Second World War

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    Abstract

    Prior to the Second World War, news-flow between the US and Australia was constrained by the lack of a direct submarine cable or wireless telegraphy link between the two countries and by the fact that Australian coverage of international news largely emerged out of an ‘imperial press system’ centred in London. ‘Imperial preference’ in news was facilitated by global cartel arrangements amongst international news agencies whereby the London-based agency, Reuters, was given priority access to the Australian news market. This article examines these constraints on the development of US-Australian news links prior to the Second World War. It also looks at the way the Second World War transformed the situation as the strategic interests of the two countries became aligned. The article demonstrates the importance of news agencies and news-flow in the history of international relations
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)423-441
    Number of pages19
    JournalMedia History
    Volume18
    Issue number3-4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2012

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    news agency
    Submarine cables
    World War
    Telecommunication links
    news
    telegraphy
    cartel
    international relations
    News Agencies
    News
    Second World War
    1920s
    coverage
    lack
    market
    history

    Cite this

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    title = "International News Agencies, News-flow and the USA-Australia Relationship from the 1920s till end of the Second World War",
    abstract = "Prior to the Second World War, news-flow between the US and Australia was constrained by the lack of a direct submarine cable or wireless telegraphy link between the two countries and by the fact that Australian coverage of international news largely emerged out of an ‘imperial press system’ centred in London. ‘Imperial preference’ in news was facilitated by global cartel arrangements amongst international news agencies whereby the London-based agency, Reuters, was given priority access to the Australian news market. This article examines these constraints on the development of US-Australian news links prior to the Second World War. It also looks at the way the Second World War transformed the situation as the strategic interests of the two countries became aligned. The article demonstrates the importance of news agencies and news-flow in the history of international relations",
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    AB - Prior to the Second World War, news-flow between the US and Australia was constrained by the lack of a direct submarine cable or wireless telegraphy link between the two countries and by the fact that Australian coverage of international news largely emerged out of an ‘imperial press system’ centred in London. ‘Imperial preference’ in news was facilitated by global cartel arrangements amongst international news agencies whereby the London-based agency, Reuters, was given priority access to the Australian news market. This article examines these constraints on the development of US-Australian news links prior to the Second World War. It also looks at the way the Second World War transformed the situation as the strategic interests of the two countries became aligned. The article demonstrates the importance of news agencies and news-flow in the history of international relations

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