International study of perceived neighbourhood environmental attributes and Body Mass Index: IPEN Adult study in 12 countries

I De Bourdeaudhuij, D Van Dyck, D Salvo, Rachel DAVEY, RS Reiss, Grant Schofield, Rodrigo Reis, Josef Mitáš, Breum Christiansen, Duncan Macfarlane, Takemi Sugiyama, Inés Ontoso, Neville Owen, Terry L. Conway, James F. Sallis, Ester Cerin

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    21 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Abstract Background: Ecological models of health behaviour are an important conceptual framework to address the multiple correlates of obesity. Several single-country studies previously examined the relationship between the built environment and obesity in adults, but results are very diverse. An important reason for these mixed results is the limited variability in built environments in these single-country studies. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine associations between perceived neighbourhood built environmental attributes and BMI/weight status in a multi-country study including 12 environmentally and culturally diverse countries. Methods: A multi-site cross-sectional study was conducted in 17 cities (study sites) across 12 countries (Australia, Belgium, Brazil, China, Colombia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Mexico, New Zealand, Spain, the UK and USA). Participants (n = 14222, 18-66 years) self-reported perceived neighbourhood environmental attributes. Height and weight were self-reported in eight countries, and measured in person in four countries. Results: Three environmental attributes were associated with BMI or weight status in pooled data from 12 countries. Safety from traffic was the most robust correlate, suggesting that creating safe routes for walking/cycling by reducing the speed and volume of traffic might have a positive impact upon weight status/BMI across various geographical locations. Close proximity to several local destinations was associated with BMI across all countries, suggesting compact neighbourhoods with more places to walk related to lower BMI. Safety from crime showed a curvilinear relationship with BMI, with especially poor crime safety being related to higher BMI. Conclusions: Environmental interventions involving these three attributes appear to have international relevance and focusing on these might have implications for tackling overweight/obesity. © 2015 De Bourdeaudhuij et al.; licensee BioMed Central.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1-10
    Number of pages10
    JournalThe International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
    Volume12
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2015

    Fingerprint

    Body Mass Index
    Weights and Measures
    Obesity
    Crime
    Safety
    Colombia
    Czech Republic
    Belgium
    Health Behavior
    Denmark
    Mexico
    New Zealand
    Spain
    Walking
    Brazil
    China
    Cross-Sectional Studies

    Cite this

    De Bourdeaudhuij, I ; Van Dyck, D ; Salvo, D ; DAVEY, Rachel ; Reiss, RS ; Schofield, Grant ; Reis, Rodrigo ; Mitáš, Josef ; Christiansen, Breum ; Macfarlane, Duncan ; Sugiyama, Takemi ; Ontoso, Inés ; Owen, Neville ; Conway, Terry L. ; Sallis, James F. ; Cerin, Ester. / International study of perceived neighbourhood environmental attributes and Body Mass Index: IPEN Adult study in 12 countries. In: The International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity. 2015 ; Vol. 12, No. 1. pp. 1-10.
    @article{d3a942f270c345cbbde15e45a7d70853,
    title = "International study of perceived neighbourhood environmental attributes and Body Mass Index: IPEN Adult study in 12 countries",
    abstract = "Abstract Background: Ecological models of health behaviour are an important conceptual framework to address the multiple correlates of obesity. Several single-country studies previously examined the relationship between the built environment and obesity in adults, but results are very diverse. An important reason for these mixed results is the limited variability in built environments in these single-country studies. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine associations between perceived neighbourhood built environmental attributes and BMI/weight status in a multi-country study including 12 environmentally and culturally diverse countries. Methods: A multi-site cross-sectional study was conducted in 17 cities (study sites) across 12 countries (Australia, Belgium, Brazil, China, Colombia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Mexico, New Zealand, Spain, the UK and USA). Participants (n = 14222, 18-66 years) self-reported perceived neighbourhood environmental attributes. Height and weight were self-reported in eight countries, and measured in person in four countries. Results: Three environmental attributes were associated with BMI or weight status in pooled data from 12 countries. Safety from traffic was the most robust correlate, suggesting that creating safe routes for walking/cycling by reducing the speed and volume of traffic might have a positive impact upon weight status/BMI across various geographical locations. Close proximity to several local destinations was associated with BMI across all countries, suggesting compact neighbourhoods with more places to walk related to lower BMI. Safety from crime showed a curvilinear relationship with BMI, with especially poor crime safety being related to higher BMI. Conclusions: Environmental interventions involving these three attributes appear to have international relevance and focusing on these might have implications for tackling overweight/obesity. {\circledC} 2015 De Bourdeaudhuij et al.; licensee BioMed Central.",
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    author = "{De Bourdeaudhuij}, I and {Van Dyck}, D and D Salvo and Rachel DAVEY and RS Reiss and Grant Schofield and Rodrigo Reis and Josef Mit{\'a}š and Breum Christiansen and Duncan Macfarlane and Takemi Sugiyama and In{\'e}s Ontoso and Neville Owen and Conway, {Terry L.} and Sallis, {James F.} and Ester Cerin",
    year = "2015",
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    De Bourdeaudhuij, I, Van Dyck, D, Salvo, D, DAVEY, R, Reiss, RS, Schofield, G, Reis, R, Mitáš, J, Christiansen, B, Macfarlane, D, Sugiyama, T, Ontoso, I, Owen, N, Conway, TL, Sallis, JF & Cerin, E 2015, 'International study of perceived neighbourhood environmental attributes and Body Mass Index: IPEN Adult study in 12 countries', The International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12966-015-0228-y

    International study of perceived neighbourhood environmental attributes and Body Mass Index: IPEN Adult study in 12 countries. / De Bourdeaudhuij, I; Van Dyck, D; Salvo, D; DAVEY, Rachel; Reiss, RS; Schofield, Grant; Reis, Rodrigo; Mitáš, Josef; Christiansen, Breum; Macfarlane, Duncan; Sugiyama, Takemi; Ontoso, Inés; Owen, Neville; Conway, Terry L.; Sallis, James F.; Cerin, Ester.

    In: The International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, Vol. 12, No. 1, 2015, p. 1-10.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - International study of perceived neighbourhood environmental attributes and Body Mass Index: IPEN Adult study in 12 countries

    AU - De Bourdeaudhuij, I

    AU - Van Dyck, D

    AU - Salvo, D

    AU - DAVEY, Rachel

    AU - Reiss, RS

    AU - Schofield, Grant

    AU - Reis, Rodrigo

    AU - Mitáš, Josef

    AU - Christiansen, Breum

    AU - Macfarlane, Duncan

    AU - Sugiyama, Takemi

    AU - Ontoso, Inés

    AU - Owen, Neville

    AU - Conway, Terry L.

    AU - Sallis, James F.

    AU - Cerin, Ester

    PY - 2015

    Y1 - 2015

    N2 - Abstract Background: Ecological models of health behaviour are an important conceptual framework to address the multiple correlates of obesity. Several single-country studies previously examined the relationship between the built environment and obesity in adults, but results are very diverse. An important reason for these mixed results is the limited variability in built environments in these single-country studies. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine associations between perceived neighbourhood built environmental attributes and BMI/weight status in a multi-country study including 12 environmentally and culturally diverse countries. Methods: A multi-site cross-sectional study was conducted in 17 cities (study sites) across 12 countries (Australia, Belgium, Brazil, China, Colombia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Mexico, New Zealand, Spain, the UK and USA). Participants (n = 14222, 18-66 years) self-reported perceived neighbourhood environmental attributes. Height and weight were self-reported in eight countries, and measured in person in four countries. Results: Three environmental attributes were associated with BMI or weight status in pooled data from 12 countries. Safety from traffic was the most robust correlate, suggesting that creating safe routes for walking/cycling by reducing the speed and volume of traffic might have a positive impact upon weight status/BMI across various geographical locations. Close proximity to several local destinations was associated with BMI across all countries, suggesting compact neighbourhoods with more places to walk related to lower BMI. Safety from crime showed a curvilinear relationship with BMI, with especially poor crime safety being related to higher BMI. Conclusions: Environmental interventions involving these three attributes appear to have international relevance and focusing on these might have implications for tackling overweight/obesity. © 2015 De Bourdeaudhuij et al.; licensee BioMed Central.

    AB - Abstract Background: Ecological models of health behaviour are an important conceptual framework to address the multiple correlates of obesity. Several single-country studies previously examined the relationship between the built environment and obesity in adults, but results are very diverse. An important reason for these mixed results is the limited variability in built environments in these single-country studies. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine associations between perceived neighbourhood built environmental attributes and BMI/weight status in a multi-country study including 12 environmentally and culturally diverse countries. Methods: A multi-site cross-sectional study was conducted in 17 cities (study sites) across 12 countries (Australia, Belgium, Brazil, China, Colombia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Mexico, New Zealand, Spain, the UK and USA). Participants (n = 14222, 18-66 years) self-reported perceived neighbourhood environmental attributes. Height and weight were self-reported in eight countries, and measured in person in four countries. Results: Three environmental attributes were associated with BMI or weight status in pooled data from 12 countries. Safety from traffic was the most robust correlate, suggesting that creating safe routes for walking/cycling by reducing the speed and volume of traffic might have a positive impact upon weight status/BMI across various geographical locations. Close proximity to several local destinations was associated with BMI across all countries, suggesting compact neighbourhoods with more places to walk related to lower BMI. Safety from crime showed a curvilinear relationship with BMI, with especially poor crime safety being related to higher BMI. Conclusions: Environmental interventions involving these three attributes appear to have international relevance and focusing on these might have implications for tackling overweight/obesity. © 2015 De Bourdeaudhuij et al.; licensee BioMed Central.

    KW - Built environment

    KW - International

    KW - Pooled data

    KW - Weight status

    U2 - 10.1186/s12966-015-0228-y

    DO - 10.1186/s12966-015-0228-y

    M3 - Article

    VL - 12

    SP - 1

    EP - 10

    JO - The International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity

    JF - The International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity

    SN - 1479-5868

    IS - 1

    ER -