Internet of Spatial Things: A New Reference Model with Insight Analysis

Khalid A. Eldrandaly, Mohamed Abdel-Basset, Laila A. Shawky

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)


The Internet of Things (IoT) is the concept of everyday objects that make us live in the era of the IoT. The spatial characteristics of things around us can be considered the reins of the IoT operability. In other words, the spatial variation of a thing can be the core of the IoT reaction. For example, the spatial variation in crop indicates the requirement and characteristic of agriculture production. Also, the spatial variation of a human movement can alarm the security and monitoring systems. This issue agitates the contemplating of the "Internet of Spatial Things (IoST)" concept. For the first time, this paper draws an inspiration towards the perspective vision of the IoST, which is concerned with revise IoT with the spatial perspective. The IoST concept is argued by the presentation of its definition and architectural components. Besides, the IoST layers are discussed in details. Furthermore, a new proposed reference model of the IoST is proposed. Finally, the new trends and open issues regarding the IoST are aroused.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8634002
Pages (from-to)19653-19669
Number of pages17
JournalIEEE Access
Publication statusPublished - 4 Feb 2019
Externally publishedYes


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