Intravenous fluids and their use in sport: A position statement from the Australian Institute of Sport

Samantha Pomroy, Greg Lovell, David Hughes, Nicole Vlahovich

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)
34 Downloads (Pure)


Objective: The use of intravenous fluids in out-of-hospital settings has evolved from the practices used by military and emergency response teams. When used in the elite sporting environment, IV fluid use must comply with the World Anti-Doping Code. Uncertainty can arise as clinicians seek to balance the appropriate use of IV fluids in delivering athlete care against the need for World Anti-Doping Code compliance. Design and method: This position statement reviews the current literature and incorporates clinical experiences to present best-practice recommendations on the clinical use of Intravenous fluids in the elite sport environment, framing recommendations in the context of the World Anti-Doping Code. Results and conclusion: The World Anti-Doping Code restricts the use of Intravenous fluids in athletes under certain conditions. This report takes into account the World Anti-Doping Code and the risks of Intravenous fluid administration to provide guidelines around the judicious use of IV fluids for: 1. Treatment of severe dehydration in an athlete, 2. Management of exertional heat illness in an athlete, 3. Hypovolaemia because of trauma in sport, 4. Administering medications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)322-328
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2020
Externally publishedYes


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