Introduction: Transnational and Pan-European Euroscepticism

John FitzGibbon, Benjamin LERUTH, Nick Startin

Research output: A Conference proceeding or a Chapter in BookOther chapter contribution

Abstract

The term Euroscepticism first appeared in the context of the United Kingdom (UK) in the mid-1980s. The Oxford English Dictionary defines a ‘Euro-sceptic’ as a person who is not enthusiastic about increasing the powers of the European Union (EU; see Harmsen and Spiering 2004: 14). It was, however, not until Delors’s three-phase plan for Monetary Union and the subsequent preparations for the 1992 Treaty on European Union (TEU) that opposition towards the EU fully emerged as a major issue across EU nation states. There is no doubt that Maastricht, as the TEU is commonly labelled, acted as a key turning point in the evolution of the Eurosceptic debate. For many supporters and opponents alike it signalled the new politicisation of European integration with the name change from ‘European Community’ to ‘European Union’ a symbolic confirmation of this development. As Usherwood and Startin (2013) testify, it marked the moment when divisions between European and domestic policy within the member states began to become increasingly blurred both in terms of perception and reality and when opposition to ‘Europe’ changed from being a straightforward question concerning the pros and cons of EU membership to one that was couched much more in terms of the rationale of the route that the European project is taking. After Maastricht EU referendums become a feature of the political landscape in certain member states and, partly as a reflection of negative public opinion, politicians in many countries increasingly utilised Eurosceptic discourse to gain political advantage. The result of these post-Maastricht events has been the emergence of Euroscepticism as a permanent feature of national debates on Europe
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEuroscepticism as a Transnational and Pan-European Phenomenon
Subtitle of host publicationThe Emergence of a New Sphere of Opposition
EditorsJohn FitzGibbon, Benjamin Leruth, Nick Startin
Place of PublicationLondon
PublisherRoutledge
Pages1-13
Number of pages13
Edition1st
ISBN (Electronic)9781315688893
ISBN (Print)9781138917651, 9781138598430
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameRoutledge/UACES Contemporary European Studies
PublisherRoutledge

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EU
treaty
opposition
monetary union
European Policy
domestic policy
politicization
referendum
European integration
European Community
dictionary
nation state
public opinion
politician
euroscepticism
human being
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discourse

Cite this

FitzGibbon, J., LERUTH, B., & Startin, N. (2017). Introduction: Transnational and Pan-European Euroscepticism. In J. FitzGibbon, B. Leruth, & N. Startin (Eds.), Euroscepticism as a Transnational and Pan-European Phenomenon: The Emergence of a New Sphere of Opposition (1st ed., pp. 1-13). (Routledge/UACES Contemporary European Studies). London: Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315688893
FitzGibbon, John ; LERUTH, Benjamin ; Startin, Nick . / Introduction: Transnational and Pan-European Euroscepticism. Euroscepticism as a Transnational and Pan-European Phenomenon: The Emergence of a New Sphere of Opposition. editor / John FitzGibbon ; Benjamin Leruth ; Nick Startin. 1st . ed. London : Routledge, 2017. pp. 1-13 (Routledge/UACES Contemporary European Studies).
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FitzGibbon, J, LERUTH, B & Startin, N 2017, Introduction: Transnational and Pan-European Euroscepticism. in J FitzGibbon, B Leruth & N Startin (eds), Euroscepticism as a Transnational and Pan-European Phenomenon: The Emergence of a New Sphere of Opposition. 1st edn, Routledge/UACES Contemporary European Studies, Routledge, London, pp. 1-13. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315688893

Introduction: Transnational and Pan-European Euroscepticism. / FitzGibbon, John; LERUTH, Benjamin; Startin, Nick .

Euroscepticism as a Transnational and Pan-European Phenomenon: The Emergence of a New Sphere of Opposition. ed. / John FitzGibbon; Benjamin Leruth; Nick Startin. 1st . ed. London : Routledge, 2017. p. 1-13 (Routledge/UACES Contemporary European Studies).

Research output: A Conference proceeding or a Chapter in BookOther chapter contribution

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FitzGibbon J, LERUTH B, Startin N. Introduction: Transnational and Pan-European Euroscepticism. In FitzGibbon J, Leruth B, Startin N, editors, Euroscepticism as a Transnational and Pan-European Phenomenon: The Emergence of a New Sphere of Opposition. 1st ed. London: Routledge. 2017. p. 1-13. (Routledge/UACES Contemporary European Studies). https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315688893