Invasive toads shift predator-prey densities in animal communities by removing top predators

Jeremiah Doody, R Soanes, Christina Castellano, Rhind, Brian Green, Colin Mchenry, Simon Clulow

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    17 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Although invasive species can have substantial impacts on animal communities, cases of invasive species facilitating native species by removing their predators have rarely been demonstrated across vertebrate trophic linkages. The predictable spread of the invasive cane toad (Rhinella marina), however, offered a unique opportunity to quantify cascading effects. In northern Australia, three species of predatory monitor lizards suffered severe population declines due to toad-induced lethal toxic ingestion (yellow-spotted monitor [Varanus panoptes], Mertens' water monitor [V. mertensi ], Mitchell's water monitor [V. mitchelli ]). We, thus, predicted subsequent increases in the abundance and recruitment of prey species due to the reduction of those predators. Toad-induced population-level declines in the water monitor species approached 50% over a five-year period spanning the toad invasion, apparently causing fledging success of the Crimson Finch (Neochmia phaeton) to increase from 55% to 81%. The consensus of our original and published long-term data is that invasive cane toads are causing predators to lose a foothold on top-down regulation of their prey, triggering shifts in the relative densities of predator and prey in the Australian tropical savannah ecosystem.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)2544-2554
    Number of pages11
    JournalEcology
    Volume96
    Issue number9
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2015

    Fingerprint

    animal community
    toad
    toads
    Bufo marinus
    predator
    predators
    invasive species
    Varanus
    water
    fledging
    savannas
    lizards
    population decline
    marina
    indigenous species
    lizard
    native species
    vertebrates
    ingestion
    vertebrate

    Cite this

    Doody, J., Soanes, R., Castellano, C., Rhind, Green, B., Mchenry, C., & Clulow, S. (2015). Invasive toads shift predator-prey densities in animal communities by removing top predators. Ecology, 96(9), 2544-2554. https://doi.org/10.1890/14-1332.1
    Doody, Jeremiah ; Soanes, R ; Castellano, Christina ; Rhind ; Green, Brian ; Mchenry, Colin ; Clulow, Simon. / Invasive toads shift predator-prey densities in animal communities by removing top predators. In: Ecology. 2015 ; Vol. 96, No. 9. pp. 2544-2554.
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    abstract = "Although invasive species can have substantial impacts on animal communities, cases of invasive species facilitating native species by removing their predators have rarely been demonstrated across vertebrate trophic linkages. The predictable spread of the invasive cane toad (Rhinella marina), however, offered a unique opportunity to quantify cascading effects. In northern Australia, three species of predatory monitor lizards suffered severe population declines due to toad-induced lethal toxic ingestion (yellow-spotted monitor [Varanus panoptes], Mertens' water monitor [V. mertensi ], Mitchell's water monitor [V. mitchelli ]). We, thus, predicted subsequent increases in the abundance and recruitment of prey species due to the reduction of those predators. Toad-induced population-level declines in the water monitor species approached 50{\%} over a five-year period spanning the toad invasion, apparently causing fledging success of the Crimson Finch (Neochmia phaeton) to increase from 55{\%} to 81{\%}. The consensus of our original and published long-term data is that invasive cane toads are causing predators to lose a foothold on top-down regulation of their prey, triggering shifts in the relative densities of predator and prey in the Australian tropical savannah ecosystem.",
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    Doody, J, Soanes, R, Castellano, C, Rhind, Green, B, Mchenry, C & Clulow, S 2015, 'Invasive toads shift predator-prey densities in animal communities by removing top predators', Ecology, vol. 96, no. 9, pp. 2544-2554. https://doi.org/10.1890/14-1332.1

    Invasive toads shift predator-prey densities in animal communities by removing top predators. / Doody, Jeremiah; Soanes, R; Castellano, Christina; Rhind; Green, Brian; Mchenry, Colin; Clulow, Simon.

    In: Ecology, Vol. 96, No. 9, 2015, p. 2544-2554.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    AU - Mchenry, Colin

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    AB - Although invasive species can have substantial impacts on animal communities, cases of invasive species facilitating native species by removing their predators have rarely been demonstrated across vertebrate trophic linkages. The predictable spread of the invasive cane toad (Rhinella marina), however, offered a unique opportunity to quantify cascading effects. In northern Australia, three species of predatory monitor lizards suffered severe population declines due to toad-induced lethal toxic ingestion (yellow-spotted monitor [Varanus panoptes], Mertens' water monitor [V. mertensi ], Mitchell's water monitor [V. mitchelli ]). We, thus, predicted subsequent increases in the abundance and recruitment of prey species due to the reduction of those predators. Toad-induced population-level declines in the water monitor species approached 50% over a five-year period spanning the toad invasion, apparently causing fledging success of the Crimson Finch (Neochmia phaeton) to increase from 55% to 81%. The consensus of our original and published long-term data is that invasive cane toads are causing predators to lose a foothold on top-down regulation of their prey, triggering shifts in the relative densities of predator and prey in the Australian tropical savannah ecosystem.

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    Doody J, Soanes R, Castellano C, Rhind, Green B, Mchenry C et al. Invasive toads shift predator-prey densities in animal communities by removing top predators. Ecology. 2015;96(9):2544-2554. https://doi.org/10.1890/14-1332.1