Investigation of the natural radioactivity of volcanic rock samples using a low background gamma-ray spectrometer

R. Wordel, D. Mouchel, V. A. Solé, J. Hoogewerff, J. Hertogen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A low-level high-purity Ge detection system was used to investigate samples of volcanic rock from different locations. A lead shield surrounded the 100 cm3 germanium crystal and reduced the background radioactivity by a factor of 100 within the energy interval 70 to 3000 keV; an integrated count rate of (0.498 ± 0.001) s-1 was achieved over this inverval, which was mainly attributable to the influence of cosmic rays. Although sample volumes up to 2 litres can be measured, the volcanic samples were held in cylindrical containers and varied in volume from 16 to 20 cm3. A powdered solid source was prepared of similar chemical composition to the samples, and spiked with suitable radionuclides to calibrate the detector system. The resulting efficiency calibration was compared with a Monte Carlo simulation of the detector efficiency for extended sources. Corrections were made for the given geometry, self-absorption and absorption in calculating the full energy-peak efficiency (ε{lunate}γ). The concentrations of various radionuclides originating from the natural decay chains in the different samples were compared to a well known reference sample. A wide variation of the concentrations of the measured radionuclides and a breaking of secular equilibrium was observed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)322-328
Number of pages7
JournalNuclear Inst. and Methods in Physics Research, A
Volume339
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Jan 1994
Externally publishedYes

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Gamma ray spectrometers
Volcanic rocks
gamma ray spectrometers
Radioactivity
radioactivity
Radioisotopes
volcanology
rocks
radioactive isotopes
Detectors
Cosmic rays
Germanium
Containers
Lead
Calibration
Crystals
self absorption
Geometry
detectors
bedrock

Cite this

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abstract = "A low-level high-purity Ge detection system was used to investigate samples of volcanic rock from different locations. A lead shield surrounded the 100 cm3 germanium crystal and reduced the background radioactivity by a factor of 100 within the energy interval 70 to 3000 keV; an integrated count rate of (0.498 ± 0.001) s-1 was achieved over this inverval, which was mainly attributable to the influence of cosmic rays. Although sample volumes up to 2 litres can be measured, the volcanic samples were held in cylindrical containers and varied in volume from 16 to 20 cm3. A powdered solid source was prepared of similar chemical composition to the samples, and spiked with suitable radionuclides to calibrate the detector system. The resulting efficiency calibration was compared with a Monte Carlo simulation of the detector efficiency for extended sources. Corrections were made for the given geometry, self-absorption and absorption in calculating the full energy-peak efficiency (ε{lunate}γ). The concentrations of various radionuclides originating from the natural decay chains in the different samples were compared to a well known reference sample. A wide variation of the concentrations of the measured radionuclides and a breaking of secular equilibrium was observed.",
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Investigation of the natural radioactivity of volcanic rock samples using a low background gamma-ray spectrometer. / Wordel, R.; Mouchel, D.; Solé, V. A.; Hoogewerff, J.; Hertogen, J.

In: Nuclear Inst. and Methods in Physics Research, A, Vol. 339, No. 1-2, 22.01.1994, p. 322-328.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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