Job quality and inequality: Parents’ jobs and children’s emotional and behavioural difficulties

Lyndall Strazdins, Megan SHIPLEY, Mark Clements, Lean O'BRIEN, Dorothy Broom

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the context of high and rising rates of parental employment in Australia, we investigated whether poor quality jobs (without security, control, flexibility or paid family leave) could pose a health risk to employed parents’ children. We examined the extent to which both mothers’ and fathers’ jobs matter, and whether disadvantaged children are more vulnerable than others. Multiple regression modelling was used to analyse cross-sectional data for 2004 from the Growing Up in Australia study, a nationally representative sample of 4e5 year old children and their families (N ¼ 2373 employed mothers; 3026 employed fathers). Results revealed that when parents held poor quality jobs their children showed more emotional and behavioural difficulties. The associations with child difficulties were independent of income, parent education, family structure and work hours, and were evident for both mothers’ and fathers’ jobs. Further, the associations tended to be stronger for children in low-income households and lone-mother families. Thus job quality may be another mechanism underlying the intergenerational transmission of health inequality. Our findings also support the argument that a truly family-friendly job must not erode children’s health.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2052-2060
Number of pages9
JournalSocial Science Medicine Social Science Medicine
Volume70
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

parents
Parents
Mothers
Fathers
father
Family Leave
job security
parent education
family work
Health
Vulnerable Populations
family structure
health risk
health
Emotion
low income
flexibility
Cross-Sectional Studies
Education
income

Cite this

Strazdins, Lyndall ; SHIPLEY, Megan ; Clements, Mark ; O'BRIEN, Lean ; Broom, Dorothy. / Job quality and inequality: Parents’ jobs and children’s emotional and behavioural difficulties. In: Social Science Medicine Social Science Medicine. 2010 ; Vol. 70. pp. 2052-2060.
@article{f24623a86f1f4c0e82b4a30b45b7fa9a,
title = "Job quality and inequality: Parents’ jobs and children’s emotional and behavioural difficulties",
abstract = "In the context of high and rising rates of parental employment in Australia, we investigated whether poor quality jobs (without security, control, flexibility or paid family leave) could pose a health risk to employed parents’ children. We examined the extent to which both mothers’ and fathers’ jobs matter, and whether disadvantaged children are more vulnerable than others. Multiple regression modelling was used to analyse cross-sectional data for 2004 from the Growing Up in Australia study, a nationally representative sample of 4e5 year old children and their families (N ¼ 2373 employed mothers; 3026 employed fathers). Results revealed that when parents held poor quality jobs their children showed more emotional and behavioural difficulties. The associations with child difficulties were independent of income, parent education, family structure and work hours, and were evident for both mothers’ and fathers’ jobs. Further, the associations tended to be stronger for children in low-income households and lone-mother families. Thus job quality may be another mechanism underlying the intergenerational transmission of health inequality. Our findings also support the argument that a truly family-friendly job must not erode children’s health.",
author = "Lyndall Strazdins and Megan SHIPLEY and Mark Clements and Lean O'BRIEN and Dorothy Broom",
year = "2010",
doi = "10.1016/j.socscimed.2010.02.041",
language = "English",
volume = "70",
pages = "2052--2060",
journal = "Social Science Medicine Social Science Medicine",
issn = "0277-9536",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",

}

Job quality and inequality: Parents’ jobs and children’s emotional and behavioural difficulties. / Strazdins, Lyndall; SHIPLEY, Megan; Clements, Mark; O'BRIEN, Lean; Broom, Dorothy.

In: Social Science Medicine Social Science Medicine, Vol. 70, 2010, p. 2052-2060.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Job quality and inequality: Parents’ jobs and children’s emotional and behavioural difficulties

AU - Strazdins, Lyndall

AU - SHIPLEY, Megan

AU - Clements, Mark

AU - O'BRIEN, Lean

AU - Broom, Dorothy

PY - 2010

Y1 - 2010

N2 - In the context of high and rising rates of parental employment in Australia, we investigated whether poor quality jobs (without security, control, flexibility or paid family leave) could pose a health risk to employed parents’ children. We examined the extent to which both mothers’ and fathers’ jobs matter, and whether disadvantaged children are more vulnerable than others. Multiple regression modelling was used to analyse cross-sectional data for 2004 from the Growing Up in Australia study, a nationally representative sample of 4e5 year old children and their families (N ¼ 2373 employed mothers; 3026 employed fathers). Results revealed that when parents held poor quality jobs their children showed more emotional and behavioural difficulties. The associations with child difficulties were independent of income, parent education, family structure and work hours, and were evident for both mothers’ and fathers’ jobs. Further, the associations tended to be stronger for children in low-income households and lone-mother families. Thus job quality may be another mechanism underlying the intergenerational transmission of health inequality. Our findings also support the argument that a truly family-friendly job must not erode children’s health.

AB - In the context of high and rising rates of parental employment in Australia, we investigated whether poor quality jobs (without security, control, flexibility or paid family leave) could pose a health risk to employed parents’ children. We examined the extent to which both mothers’ and fathers’ jobs matter, and whether disadvantaged children are more vulnerable than others. Multiple regression modelling was used to analyse cross-sectional data for 2004 from the Growing Up in Australia study, a nationally representative sample of 4e5 year old children and their families (N ¼ 2373 employed mothers; 3026 employed fathers). Results revealed that when parents held poor quality jobs their children showed more emotional and behavioural difficulties. The associations with child difficulties were independent of income, parent education, family structure and work hours, and were evident for both mothers’ and fathers’ jobs. Further, the associations tended to be stronger for children in low-income households and lone-mother families. Thus job quality may be another mechanism underlying the intergenerational transmission of health inequality. Our findings also support the argument that a truly family-friendly job must not erode children’s health.

U2 - 10.1016/j.socscimed.2010.02.041

DO - 10.1016/j.socscimed.2010.02.041

M3 - Article

VL - 70

SP - 2052

EP - 2060

JO - Social Science Medicine Social Science Medicine

JF - Social Science Medicine Social Science Medicine

SN - 0277-9536

ER -