Kids in Communities Study (KiCS) study protocol

A cross-sectional mixed-methods approach to measuring community-level factors influencing early child development in Australia

Sharon Goldfeld, Karen Villanueva, Robert Tanton, Ilan Katz, Sally Brinkman, Geoffrey Woolcock, Billie Giles-Corti

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    2 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Introduction: Healthy childhood development in the early years is critical for later adult health and well-being. Early childhood development (ECD) research has focused primarily on individual, family and school factors, but largely ignored community factors. The Kids in Communities Study (KiCS) will test and investigate community-level influences on child development across Australia. Methods and analysis: Cross-sectional mixed-methods study exploring community-level effects in 25 Australian local communities; selection based on community socioeconomic status (SES) and ECD using the Australian Early Development Census (AEDC), a population measure of child development, to create a local community 'diagonality type', that is, those performing better or worse (off-diagonal), or as expected (on-diagonal) on the AEDC relative to their SES. Data collection includes stakeholder interviews, parent and service provider focus groups, and surveys with general community residents and service providers, mapping of neighbourhood design and local amenities and services, analysis of policy documents, and the use of existing sociodemographic and early childhood education and care data. Quantitative data will be used to test associations between local community diagonality type, and ECD based on AEDC scores. Qualitative data will provide complementary and deeper exploration of these same associations. Ethics and dissemination: The Royal Children's Hospital Human Research Ethics Committee approved the study protocol (#30016). Further ethics approvals were obtained from State Education and Health departments and Catholic archdioceses where required. ECD community-level indicators will eventually be derived and made publically available. Findings will be published in peer-reviewed journals, community reports, websites and policy briefs to disseminate results to researchers, and key stakeholders including policymakers, practitioners and (most importantly) the communities involved.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article numbere014047
    JournalBMJ Open
    Volume7
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2017

    Fingerprint

    Child Development
    Censuses
    Ethics
    Social Class
    Social Welfare
    Policy Making
    Research Ethics Committees
    Focus Groups
    Health Education
    Cross-Sectional Studies
    Research Personnel
    Interviews
    Education

    Cite this

    Goldfeld, Sharon ; Villanueva, Karen ; Tanton, Robert ; Katz, Ilan ; Brinkman, Sally ; Woolcock, Geoffrey ; Giles-Corti, Billie. / Kids in Communities Study (KiCS) study protocol : A cross-sectional mixed-methods approach to measuring community-level factors influencing early child development in Australia. In: BMJ Open. 2017 ; Vol. 7, No. 3.
    @article{ec2b7f7c2d704c29927ea326d1db4d7a,
    title = "Kids in Communities Study (KiCS) study protocol: A cross-sectional mixed-methods approach to measuring community-level factors influencing early child development in Australia",
    abstract = "Introduction: Healthy childhood development in the early years is critical for later adult health and well-being. Early childhood development (ECD) research has focused primarily on individual, family and school factors, but largely ignored community factors. The Kids in Communities Study (KiCS) will test and investigate community-level influences on child development across Australia. Methods and analysis: Cross-sectional mixed-methods study exploring community-level effects in 25 Australian local communities; selection based on community socioeconomic status (SES) and ECD using the Australian Early Development Census (AEDC), a population measure of child development, to create a local community 'diagonality type', that is, those performing better or worse (off-diagonal), or as expected (on-diagonal) on the AEDC relative to their SES. Data collection includes stakeholder interviews, parent and service provider focus groups, and surveys with general community residents and service providers, mapping of neighbourhood design and local amenities and services, analysis of policy documents, and the use of existing sociodemographic and early childhood education and care data. Quantitative data will be used to test associations between local community diagonality type, and ECD based on AEDC scores. Qualitative data will provide complementary and deeper exploration of these same associations. Ethics and dissemination: The Royal Children's Hospital Human Research Ethics Committee approved the study protocol (#30016). Further ethics approvals were obtained from State Education and Health departments and Catholic archdioceses where required. ECD community-level indicators will eventually be derived and made publically available. Findings will be published in peer-reviewed journals, community reports, websites and policy briefs to disseminate results to researchers, and key stakeholders including policymakers, practitioners and (most importantly) the communities involved.",
    keywords = "Child development, Community, Indicators, Mixed methods, Neighborhood",
    author = "Sharon Goldfeld and Karen Villanueva and Robert Tanton and Ilan Katz and Sally Brinkman and Geoffrey Woolcock and Billie Giles-Corti",
    year = "2017",
    month = "3",
    day = "1",
    doi = "10.1136/bmjopen-2016-014047",
    language = "English",
    volume = "7",
    journal = "BMJ Open",
    issn = "2044-6055",
    publisher = "BMJ Publishing Group",
    number = "3",

    }

    Kids in Communities Study (KiCS) study protocol : A cross-sectional mixed-methods approach to measuring community-level factors influencing early child development in Australia. / Goldfeld, Sharon; Villanueva, Karen; Tanton, Robert; Katz, Ilan; Brinkman, Sally; Woolcock, Geoffrey; Giles-Corti, Billie.

    In: BMJ Open, Vol. 7, No. 3, e014047, 01.03.2017.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Kids in Communities Study (KiCS) study protocol

    T2 - A cross-sectional mixed-methods approach to measuring community-level factors influencing early child development in Australia

    AU - Goldfeld, Sharon

    AU - Villanueva, Karen

    AU - Tanton, Robert

    AU - Katz, Ilan

    AU - Brinkman, Sally

    AU - Woolcock, Geoffrey

    AU - Giles-Corti, Billie

    PY - 2017/3/1

    Y1 - 2017/3/1

    N2 - Introduction: Healthy childhood development in the early years is critical for later adult health and well-being. Early childhood development (ECD) research has focused primarily on individual, family and school factors, but largely ignored community factors. The Kids in Communities Study (KiCS) will test and investigate community-level influences on child development across Australia. Methods and analysis: Cross-sectional mixed-methods study exploring community-level effects in 25 Australian local communities; selection based on community socioeconomic status (SES) and ECD using the Australian Early Development Census (AEDC), a population measure of child development, to create a local community 'diagonality type', that is, those performing better or worse (off-diagonal), or as expected (on-diagonal) on the AEDC relative to their SES. Data collection includes stakeholder interviews, parent and service provider focus groups, and surveys with general community residents and service providers, mapping of neighbourhood design and local amenities and services, analysis of policy documents, and the use of existing sociodemographic and early childhood education and care data. Quantitative data will be used to test associations between local community diagonality type, and ECD based on AEDC scores. Qualitative data will provide complementary and deeper exploration of these same associations. Ethics and dissemination: The Royal Children's Hospital Human Research Ethics Committee approved the study protocol (#30016). Further ethics approvals were obtained from State Education and Health departments and Catholic archdioceses where required. ECD community-level indicators will eventually be derived and made publically available. Findings will be published in peer-reviewed journals, community reports, websites and policy briefs to disseminate results to researchers, and key stakeholders including policymakers, practitioners and (most importantly) the communities involved.

    AB - Introduction: Healthy childhood development in the early years is critical for later adult health and well-being. Early childhood development (ECD) research has focused primarily on individual, family and school factors, but largely ignored community factors. The Kids in Communities Study (KiCS) will test and investigate community-level influences on child development across Australia. Methods and analysis: Cross-sectional mixed-methods study exploring community-level effects in 25 Australian local communities; selection based on community socioeconomic status (SES) and ECD using the Australian Early Development Census (AEDC), a population measure of child development, to create a local community 'diagonality type', that is, those performing better or worse (off-diagonal), or as expected (on-diagonal) on the AEDC relative to their SES. Data collection includes stakeholder interviews, parent and service provider focus groups, and surveys with general community residents and service providers, mapping of neighbourhood design and local amenities and services, analysis of policy documents, and the use of existing sociodemographic and early childhood education and care data. Quantitative data will be used to test associations between local community diagonality type, and ECD based on AEDC scores. Qualitative data will provide complementary and deeper exploration of these same associations. Ethics and dissemination: The Royal Children's Hospital Human Research Ethics Committee approved the study protocol (#30016). Further ethics approvals were obtained from State Education and Health departments and Catholic archdioceses where required. ECD community-level indicators will eventually be derived and made publically available. Findings will be published in peer-reviewed journals, community reports, websites and policy briefs to disseminate results to researchers, and key stakeholders including policymakers, practitioners and (most importantly) the communities involved.

    KW - Child development

    KW - Community

    KW - Indicators

    KW - Mixed methods

    KW - Neighborhood

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85015278931&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.1136/bmjopen-2016-014047

    DO - 10.1136/bmjopen-2016-014047

    M3 - Article

    VL - 7

    JO - BMJ Open

    JF - BMJ Open

    SN - 2044-6055

    IS - 3

    M1 - e014047

    ER -