Kinanthropometric and physiological characteristics of national and provincial junior sprint kayakers

Andrew Mckune, Nevel Neveling

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Abstract

To investigate selected kinanthropometric and physiological characteristics unique to national and provincial male junior sprint kayakers, ten kayakers, 5 national and 5 provincial representatives, participated in the study. Anthropometrical characteristics, peak isokinetic shoulder muscle strength (abducted external/internal rotation; flexion/extension at 60o/s), aerobic power (VO2max) and maximal heart rate (MHR) were determined. Student's t-tests were performed to compare variables between the groups. There were significant differences between the two groups for MHR (p < 0.01) and relative VO2max (p < 0.001). The mean values for MHR were 194.2 b.min-1 (± 4.6) vs 184.2 b.min-1 (± 5.6) and for VO2max 64.1 ml.kg-1.min-1 (± 3.8) vs 54.3 ml.kg-1.min-1 (± 2.7) for the national and provincial kayakers respectively. The mean external/internal rotation ratios were 0.67 (± 0.07) vs 0.69 (± 0.12) and the flexion/extension ratios were 0.84 (± 0.14) and 0.74 (±0.11) for the national and provincial kayakers respectively. The MHR and VO2max differences could be attributed to numerous factors including genetics, superior training methods or kayaking technique. The strength data indicates the need for individualized strength training programmes to help restore dynamic joint stability. The study presents kinanthropometric and physiological data unique to national and provincial junior sprint kayakers.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)119-132
Number of pages14
JournalAfrican Journal for Physical Activity and Health Sciences
Volume10
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2004

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Heart Rate
Resistance Training
Muscle Strength
Joints
Students
Education

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title = "Kinanthropometric and physiological characteristics of national and provincial junior sprint kayakers",
abstract = "To investigate selected kinanthropometric and physiological characteristics unique to national and provincial male junior sprint kayakers, ten kayakers, 5 national and 5 provincial representatives, participated in the study. Anthropometrical characteristics, peak isokinetic shoulder muscle strength (abducted external/internal rotation; flexion/extension at 60o/s), aerobic power (VO2max) and maximal heart rate (MHR) were determined. Student's t-tests were performed to compare variables between the groups. There were significant differences between the two groups for MHR (p < 0.01) and relative VO2max (p < 0.001). The mean values for MHR were 194.2 b.min-1 (± 4.6) vs 184.2 b.min-1 (± 5.6) and for VO2max 64.1 ml.kg-1.min-1 (± 3.8) vs 54.3 ml.kg-1.min-1 (± 2.7) for the national and provincial kayakers respectively. The mean external/internal rotation ratios were 0.67 (± 0.07) vs 0.69 (± 0.12) and the flexion/extension ratios were 0.84 (± 0.14) and 0.74 (±0.11) for the national and provincial kayakers respectively. The MHR and VO2max differences could be attributed to numerous factors including genetics, superior training methods or kayaking technique. The strength data indicates the need for individualized strength training programmes to help restore dynamic joint stability. The study presents kinanthropometric and physiological data unique to national and provincial junior sprint kayakers.",
author = "Andrew Mckune and Nevel Neveling",
year = "2004",
language = "English",
volume = "10",
pages = "119--132",
journal = "African Journal for Physical Activity and Health Sciences",
issn = "2411-6939",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Kinanthropometric and physiological characteristics of national and provincial junior sprint kayakers

AU - Mckune, Andrew

AU - Neveling, Nevel

PY - 2004

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N2 - To investigate selected kinanthropometric and physiological characteristics unique to national and provincial male junior sprint kayakers, ten kayakers, 5 national and 5 provincial representatives, participated in the study. Anthropometrical characteristics, peak isokinetic shoulder muscle strength (abducted external/internal rotation; flexion/extension at 60o/s), aerobic power (VO2max) and maximal heart rate (MHR) were determined. Student's t-tests were performed to compare variables between the groups. There were significant differences between the two groups for MHR (p < 0.01) and relative VO2max (p < 0.001). The mean values for MHR were 194.2 b.min-1 (± 4.6) vs 184.2 b.min-1 (± 5.6) and for VO2max 64.1 ml.kg-1.min-1 (± 3.8) vs 54.3 ml.kg-1.min-1 (± 2.7) for the national and provincial kayakers respectively. The mean external/internal rotation ratios were 0.67 (± 0.07) vs 0.69 (± 0.12) and the flexion/extension ratios were 0.84 (± 0.14) and 0.74 (±0.11) for the national and provincial kayakers respectively. The MHR and VO2max differences could be attributed to numerous factors including genetics, superior training methods or kayaking technique. The strength data indicates the need for individualized strength training programmes to help restore dynamic joint stability. The study presents kinanthropometric and physiological data unique to national and provincial junior sprint kayakers.

AB - To investigate selected kinanthropometric and physiological characteristics unique to national and provincial male junior sprint kayakers, ten kayakers, 5 national and 5 provincial representatives, participated in the study. Anthropometrical characteristics, peak isokinetic shoulder muscle strength (abducted external/internal rotation; flexion/extension at 60o/s), aerobic power (VO2max) and maximal heart rate (MHR) were determined. Student's t-tests were performed to compare variables between the groups. There were significant differences between the two groups for MHR (p < 0.01) and relative VO2max (p < 0.001). The mean values for MHR were 194.2 b.min-1 (± 4.6) vs 184.2 b.min-1 (± 5.6) and for VO2max 64.1 ml.kg-1.min-1 (± 3.8) vs 54.3 ml.kg-1.min-1 (± 2.7) for the national and provincial kayakers respectively. The mean external/internal rotation ratios were 0.67 (± 0.07) vs 0.69 (± 0.12) and the flexion/extension ratios were 0.84 (± 0.14) and 0.74 (±0.11) for the national and provincial kayakers respectively. The MHR and VO2max differences could be attributed to numerous factors including genetics, superior training methods or kayaking technique. The strength data indicates the need for individualized strength training programmes to help restore dynamic joint stability. The study presents kinanthropometric and physiological data unique to national and provincial junior sprint kayakers.

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JO - African Journal for Physical Activity and Health Sciences

JF - African Journal for Physical Activity and Health Sciences

SN - 2411-6939

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