Kitakyushu City, Japan

Research output: A Conference proceeding or a Chapter in BookChapter

Abstract

The City of Kitakyushu in Fukuoka Prefecture is the 13th largest city in Japan. Located on Kyushu island just south of the Japanese main island, it is regarded as a gateway to Asian economies. The city was developed by the steel industry in the modern era (1900s), and grew to become one of the largest industrial zones in Japan. However, by the 1950s and 1960s, its rapid development had led to air and water pollution (Photo 7.2). The Dokai Bay area was contaminated by factory emissions and industrial and domestic wastewater, and came to be dubbed the ‘sea of death’. The local administration was forced to act, and the city dramatically recovered from the environmental degradation. Kitakyushu set out to become the World Capital of Sustainable Development; and it became known for its sustainability initiatives, many of which involved partnerships with residents, enterprises, research institutes and government administrations.
This chapter illustrates Kitakyushu’s concept of urban management, exemplified by the Energetic Kitakyushu Plan.Secondary data sourced from the City of Kitakyushu and academic articles were drawn upon for this case study.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPartnerships for the Sustainable Development of Cities in the APEC Region, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation.
PublisherAPEC Policy Support Unit
Chapter7
Pages183-201
Number of pages19
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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environmental degradation
water pollution
sustainable development
atmospheric pollution
energetics
city
sustainability
wastewater
sea
contaminated area
economy
steel industry
plan
world
urban management

Cite this

NAKANISHI, H. (2017). Kitakyushu City, Japan. In Partnerships for the Sustainable Development of Cities in the APEC Region, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation. (pp. 183-201). APEC Policy Support Unit.
NAKANISHI, Hitomi. / Kitakyushu City, Japan. Partnerships for the Sustainable Development of Cities in the APEC Region, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation. . APEC Policy Support Unit, 2017. pp. 183-201
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NAKANISHI, H 2017, Kitakyushu City, Japan. in Partnerships for the Sustainable Development of Cities in the APEC Region, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation. . APEC Policy Support Unit, pp. 183-201.

Kitakyushu City, Japan. / NAKANISHI, Hitomi.

Partnerships for the Sustainable Development of Cities in the APEC Region, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation. . APEC Policy Support Unit, 2017. p. 183-201.

Research output: A Conference proceeding or a Chapter in BookChapter

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NAKANISHI H. Kitakyushu City, Japan. In Partnerships for the Sustainable Development of Cities in the APEC Region, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation. . APEC Policy Support Unit. 2017. p. 183-201