Knowledge of HIV/AIDS among secondary school adolescents in Calabar - Nigeria

A. E. Oyo-Ita, B. M. Ikpeme, A. J. Etokidem, J. B. Offor, E. O. Okokon, S. J. Etuk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Awareness about HIV/AIDS has been created through the media, workshops, and peer education and printed materials. The aim of this study was to establish the impact of these awareness programmes on student. Method: An observational study using structured questionnaire among secondary school students. Results: About 181 (31.2%) of the adolescents did not know the aetiological agents of HIV/AIDS. Majority, 522 (90%) knew HIV/AIDS was transmitted through sexual intercourse. This level of knowledge was related to sex and class of study. Only 78 (13.4%) of them knew that HIV carriers might look normal. Majority, 519 (89.5%) did not know the features of AIDS. Only a few, 281 (48.4%) of the adolescents knew that avoidance of sex, keeping one sexual partner, 15 (2.6%), use of condom 101 (17.4%) and screening blood before transfusion, 31 (5.3%) could prevent HIV/AIDS transmission. Mass media was the main source of information on HIV/AIDS to these adolescents. About 191, (32.9%) of them believed HIV/AIDS, cannot be prevented; 228 (39.3%) felt HIV/AIDS is common among the uneducated; 127 (21.9%) thought it is not common in Nigeria and 143 (24.7%) believed it is not common among the youths. Conclusion: Although awareness on HIV/AIDS is high among Secondary School adolescents in Calabar, the knowledge of the disease is still poor. Mass media as a source of information does not allow in-depth knowledge of the disease. Parents, teachers, as well as Health workers should be more involved in educating the youth on this dreaded disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2-6
Number of pages5
JournalAnnals of African Medicine
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2005
Externally publishedYes


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